# Table 4 Standardized regression coefficients (β) with p-values for the components of subgroup analyses

Paths 30 years or younger (n = 356) 31–40 years (n = 377) 41 years or older (n = 224) Early career (n = 661) Mid/late career (n = 222) Men (n = 326) Women (n = 621) < 5 years (n = 408) > 5 years (n = 499) Doctors (n = 315) Nurses (n = 362) Others (n = 220)
SS to HS −0.46*** −0.46*** − 0.28*** −0.44*** − 0.34*** −0.38*** − 0.39*** −0.33*** − 0.40*** −0.45*** − 0.39*** −0.42***
CS to CHS −0.21*** −0.12*** 0.288ns −0.20*** − 0.11* −0.14* − 0.16*** −0.13* − 0.15** −0.22** − 0.14* −0.14*
SS to PSM 0.39*** 0.39*** 0.33*** 0.42*** 0.34*** 0.32*** 0.48*** 0.34*** 0.42*** 0.051ns 0.54*** 0.50***
CS to PSM 0.572ns 0.572ns 0.26 ** 0.294ns 0.15 * 0.527ns 0.11 * 0.719ns 0.14** 0.199ns 0.111ns 0.442ns
CHS to PSM −0.29*** −0.29*** −0.17*** − 0.21*** −0.21*** − 0.22*** −0.23*** − 0.25*** −0.28*** − 0.29*** −0.23*** − 0.28***
HS to PSM −0.29*** − 0.29*** −0.17*** − 0.33*** −0.20*** − 0.33*** −0.16*** − 0.24*** −0.15*** − 0.36*** 0.210ns − 0.25***
CS to HS 0.67*** 0.67*** 0.76*** 0.62*** 0.76*** 0.74*** 0.67*** 0.73*** 0.68*** 0.77*** 0.58*** 0.73***
1. ns not statistically significant. PSM stands for Public Service Motivation, CHS stands for Challenge Stress, HS stands for Hindrance Stress, SS stands for Supervisor Support and CS stands for Coworker Support
2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001