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Table 1 Frequency of key sample characteristics (n = 514 overall, n = 164 for low acculturation, n = 94 for high acculturation)

From: Body composition outcomes of Healthy Fit and the role of acculturation among low-income Hispanics on the US-Mexico border

Characteristic Overall (n = 514)
n (%)
Low Acculturation (164)
n (%)
High Acculturation (n = 94)
n (%)
p-value
Gender     0.0128
 Male 93 (18.1) 14 (8.5) 18 (19.1)  
 Female 421 (81.9) 150 (91.5) 76 (80.9)  
Hispanic Ethnicity     0.7859
 Yes 498 (96.8) 156 (95.1) 91 (96.81)  
 No 11 (2.1) 6 (3.7) 2 (2.1)  
 Missing* 5 (0.1) 2 (1.2) 1 (1.1)  
Income     0.0057
  < $19,999 363 (70.6) 121 (73.8) 53 (56.4)  
 $20,000 - $29,999 84 (16.3) 29 (17.7) 20 (21.3)  
 $30,000 - $39,999 30 (5.8) 7 (4.3) 10 (10.6)  
 $40,000+ 31 (6.0) 6 (3.6) 10 (10.6)  
 Missing* 6 (1.2) 1 (0.6) 1 (1.1)  
Educational Attainment     <.0001
  < High School diploma 247 (48.0) 103 (62.8) 14 (14.9)  
 High School Grad or GED 115 (22.4) 35 (21.3) 35 (37.2)  
 Some college 94 (18.3) 16 (9.8) 30 (31.9)  
 Bachelors or higher 50 (9.7) 9 (5.5) 14 (14.9)  
 Missing* 8 (1.6) 1 (0.6) 1 (1.6)  
Health Insurance     <.0001
 Insured 106 (20.6) 18 (11.0) 33 (35.1)  
 Uninsured 407 (79.2) 146 (89.0) 61 (64.9)  
 Missing* 1 (0.2) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
US Born     <.0001
 Yes 104 (20.2) 0 (0) 52 (55.3)  
 No 409 (79.6) 164 (100.0) 42 (44.7)  
 Missing* 1 (.2) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
Years in US     <.0001
  < 10 125 (24.3) 60 (36.6) 4 (4.3)  
 11–20 years 115 (22.4) 48 (29.3) 12 (12.8)  
 20+ 256 (49.8) 50 (30.5) 78 (82.9)  
 Missing* 18 (3.5) 6 (3.6) 0 (0)  
English Fluency     <.0001
 Poor of Fair 363 (70.6) 154 (93.9) 31 (33.0)  
 Good or Excellent 141 (27.4) 8 (4.3) 62 (65.9)  
 Missing* 10 (2.0) 3 (1.8) 1 (1.1)  
Spanish Language Preference     <.0001
 Yes 446 (86.8) 164 (100.0) 70 (74.5)  
 No 64 (12.4) 0 (0) 21 (22.3)  
 Missing* 4 (0.8) 0 (0) 3 (3.2)  
BMI     0.0460
 Underweight 3 (0.6) 0 (0) 2 (2.1)  
 Normal 84 (16.3) 21 (12.8) 21 (22.3)  
 Overweight 171 (33.3) 61 (37.2) 28 (29.8)  
 Obese 250 (48.6) 82 (50.0) 43 (45.7)  
 Missing* 6 (1.2) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
  Mean (SD Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
Age 45.4 (13.0) 47.0 (10.9) 42.7 (15.7)  
Body Mass Index 30.5 (5.6) 31.01 (5.7) 29.8 (6.1)  
Body Fat Percentage 42.0 (10.1) 43.3 (8.1) 39.7 (10.8)  
  1. *Missing completely at random if participant declined to answer or CHW skipped question