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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants

From: Patterns and predictors of sick leave after Covid-19 and long Covid in a national Swedish cohort

  Total Inpatient care No inpatient care
Participants, n (%) 11,955 (100.0) 2960 (24.8) 8995 (75.2)
Sex, n (%)
 Men 4826 (40.4) 1894 (64.0) 2932 (32.6)
 Women 7129 (59.6) 1066 (36.0) 6063 (67.4)
Age, mean (SD) 48.0 (11.3) 52.0 (9.9) 46.7 (11.4)
Country of birth, n (%)a
 Sweden 7545 (63.1) 1558 (52.7) 5987 (66.6)
 Nordic countries except for Sweden 271 (2.3) 85 (2.9) 186 (2.1)
 European countries except for the Nordic countries 1210 (10.1) 370 (12.5) 840 (9.3)
 Countries outside of Europe 2929 (24.5) 944 (31.9) 1976 (22.9)
Educational level, n (%)b
 Primary school (≤9 years) 1237 (10.4) 411 (14.0) 826 (9.2)
 Secondary school (10–12 years) 5889 (49.6) 1406 (47.9) 4483 (50.2)
 Short university education (13–14 years) 1743 (14.7) 466 (15.9) 1277 (14.3)
 Long university education (≥15 years) 3995 (25.2) 650 (22.2) 2345 (26.3)
Income, 1000 SEK median (IQR)c
 Low income 212 (61) 213 (66) 211 (60)
 Medium income 288 (33) 290 (33) 287 (33)
 High income 390 (100) 404 (121) 384 (94)
Marital status, n (%)d
 Married 5812 (48.8) 1695 (57.8) 4117 (45.8)
 Single 3859 (32.4) 671 (22.9) 3188 (35.5)
 Divorced 2097 (17.6) 536 (18.3) 1561 (17.4)
 Widow/Widower 149 (1.3) 31 (1.1) 118 (1.3)
Sick leave prior to Covid-19, n (%)e
 Sick leave ≥28 days 1918 (16.0) 357 (12.1) 1561 (17.4)
 Sick leave ≥6 times 26 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 21 (0.2)
Employment status, n (%)f
 Employment 11,460 (95.9) 2756 (93.1) 8704 (96.8)
 Self-employment 288 (2.4) 105 (3.5) 183 (2.0)
 Unemployment 204 (1.7) 99 (3.3) 105 (1.2)
  1. a = 9 missing, b = 91 missing, c = 2 missing, d = 38 missing, e = 13 participants on sick leave both ≥28 days and ≥ 6 times, f = 3 missing. Abbreviations: SD, standard deviation; IQR: interquartile range.