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Table 1 Characteristics of the households

From: Examining the relation between the subjective and objective social status with health reported needs and health-seeking behaviour in Dande, Angola

Variable (n) Categories n (%)
Place of residence (n = 12,246) Urban 9617 (78.5)
  Rural 2629 (21.5)
Sex (n = 12,128) Male 4828 (39.8)
  Female 7300 (60.2)
Age (n = 11,040) Mean ± sd min-max 38.41 ± 16.19 15–96
Years of schooling (n = 10,753) Mean ± sd
min-max
4.78 ± 3.99
0–20
Nr. of household rooms (n = 12,246) Mean ± sd
min-max
2.74 ± 1.34
1–13
Nr. of household residents (n = 12,246) Mean ± sd
min-max
4.40 ± 2.70
1–20
Crowding (n = 12,246) Not overcrowding 11,154 (91.1)
  Overcrowding 1092 (8.9)
Kitchen (n = 12,246) Yes 5167 (42.2)
  No 7079 (57.8)
Latrine (n = 12,245) Yes 8709 (71.1)
  No 3563 (28.9)
Do households own (n = 12,242) Electricity 8903 (72.7)
  Generator 1634 (13.3)
  Radio 6894 (56.3)
  Televison 8585 (70.1)
  Cell phone 9236 (75.4)
  Satellite dish 6753 (55.2)
  Fridge 1680 (13.7)
  Freezer 6219 (50.8)
  Car 1440 (11.8)
Drinking water source (n = 12,232) Improved 6978 (57.2)
  Unimproved 5217 (42.8)
Household members use to (n = 12,246) Watch television 9006 (73.5)
  Listen to the radio 5146 (42.0)
  Read newspaper 1395 (11.4)
Associative filiation (n = 12,246) Yes 8111 (66.2)
No 4133 (33.8)
Distance to a health facility (n = 12,246) <  2 km 8302 (67.8)
  2–10 km 2450 (20.0)
  >  10 km 1494 (12.2)
Household income (n = 9485) <= 10,000 AOA 2709 (28.6)
  10,001–30,000 AOA 5134 (54.1)
  >  30,000 AOA 1642 (3, 18)
Nr. of residents with fixed salary (n = 12,230) Mean ± sd 0.51 ± 0.50
min-max 0–5
Proportion of residents with a fixed salary (n = 12,230) Mean ± sd 0.16 ± 0.25
min-max 0–3
SSS ladder (n = 11,076) Mean ± sd 2.91 ± 2.17
min-max 1–10
SSS quartiles (n = 11,076) 1st quart. (1st step of the ladder) 3989 (36.0)
  2nd quart. (2nd step of the ladder) 2077 (18.8)
  3rd quart. (3rd to 4th steps of the ladder) 2754 (24.9)
  4th quart. (5th to 10th step of the ladder) 2256 (20.4)
Someone in the household needed health care during the previous month (n = 12,240) No 6359 (52.0)
Yes, and sought for help 5549 (45.3)
Yes, but did not seek help 332 (2.7)
Sought help (n = 5549) Informal sources 360 (6.5)
  Health care services 5189 (93.5)
Bed net ownership (n = 12,056) Yes 3855 (32.0)
  No 8201 (68.0)
Nr. of bed nets in the household (n = 3855) Mean ± sd 2.03 ± 1.24
min-max 0–12
Someone slept under a bed net during the previous night (n = 3855) Yes 2981 (77.3)
No 874 (22.7)
Season (12,246) Rainy season 5330 (43.5)
  Dry season 6916 (56.6)
  1. Note: sd standard deviation; min minimum; max maximum; AOA Angolan Kwanza
  2. SSS subjective social ladder.