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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants (n = 15,087)

From: Knowledge, attitude, and acceptance of healthcare workers and the public regarding the COVID-19 vaccine: a cross-sectional study

Variables Total (%)
n = 15,087
General Population (%)
n = 11,120
Medical Students (%) n = 1752 Physicians (%) n = 1394 Paramedic (%) n = 821 P-value
Age range (years) < 0.001*
 18–30 8513 (56.4%) 5819 (52.3%) 1695 (96.7%) 531 (38.1%) 468 (57%)
 31–40 4353 (28.9%) 3343 (30.1%) 50 (2.9%) 683 (49%) 277 (33.7%)
 41–50 1546 (10.2%) 1354 (12.2%) 6 (0.3%) 132 (9.5%) 54 (6.6%)
  > 50 675 (4.5%) 604 (5.4%) 1(0.1%) 48 (3.4%) 22 (2.7%)
Gender < 0.001*
 Female 8860 (58.7%) 6144 (55.3%) 1244 (71%) 953 (68.4%) 519 (63.2%)
 Male 6227 (41.3% 4976 (44.7%) 508 (29%) 441 (31.6%) 302 (36.8%)
Marital status
 Married 9036 (59.9%) 6386 (57.4%) 1635 (93.3%) 579 (41.5%) 436 (53.1%) < 0.001*
 Not married (Including widow and divorce status) 6051 (40.1%) 4734 (42.6%) 117 (6.7%) 815 (58.5%) 385 (46.9%)
Education level < 0.001*
 Elementary 53 (0.4%) 48 (0.4%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 Middle school 326 (2.2%) 310 (2.8%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 3 (0.4%)
 High school 2643 (17.5%) 2477 (22.3%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 72 (8.8%)
 Post-secondary Studies 12,065 (80%) 8285 (74.5%) 1752 (100%) 1394 (100%) 746 (90.9%)
Geographical region < 0.001*
 West 10,678 (70.8%) 7944 (71.4%) 1184 (67.6%) 1018 (73%) 532 (64.8%)
 East 2025 (13.4%) 1412 (12.7%) 348 (19.9%) 176 (12.6%) 89 (10.8%)
 South 676 (4.5%) 487 (4.4%) 67 (3.8%) 51 (3.7%) 71 (8.6%)
 Center 1708 (11.3%) 1277 (11.5%) 153 (8.7%) 149 (10.7%) 129 (15.7%)
Monthly Income < 0.001*
  < 1000 LYD 6085 (40.3%) 4560 (41%) 645 (36.8%) 476 (34.1%) 404 (49.2%)
 1000–2500 LYD 6514 (43.2%) 4724 (42.5%) 770 (43.9%) 686 (49.2%) 334 (40.7%)
 2500–4000 LYD 1680 (11.1%) 1235 (11.1%) 233 (13.3%) 150 (10.8%) 62 (7.6%)
  > 4000 LYD 808 (5.4%) 601 (5.4%) 104 (5.9%) 82 (5.9%) 21 (2.6%)
Have financial difficulties < 0.001*
 Yes 6714 (44.5%) 4948 (44.5%) 716 (10.7%) 627 (45%) 418 (50.9%)
 No 8373 (55.5%) 6167 (55.5%) 1036 (59.1%) 767 (55%) 403 (49.1%)
Fixed monthly income < 0.001*
 Yes 8289 (54.9%) 6297 (56.6%) 538 (30.7%) 932 (66.9%) 522 (63.9%)
 No 6798 (45.1%) 4823 (43.4%) 1214 (69.3%) 462 (33.1%) 299 (36.4%)
Currently Infected with COVID-19 0.344
 Yes 485 (3.2%) 369 (3.3%) 46 (2.6%) 48 (3.4%) 22 (2.7%)  
 No 14,602 (96.8%) 10,751(96.7%) 1706 (97.4%) 1346(96.6%) 799 (97.3%)
Previously infected with COVID-19 < 0.001*
 Yes 2000 (13.3%) 1403 (12.6%) 230 (13.1%) 241 (17.3%) 126 (15.3%)  
 No 13,087 (86.7%) 9717 (87.4%) 1522 (86.9%) 1153(82.7%) 695 (84.7%)
Have a family member or friend infected with COVID-19? < 0.001*
 Yes 8564 (56.8%) 6323 (56.9%) 908 (51.8%) 894 (64.1%) 439 (53.5%)  
 No 6523 (43.2%) 4797 (43.1%) 844 (48.2%) 500 (35.9%) 382 (46.5%)
Have family members or friends died due to COVID-19? 0.0508
 Yes 5189 (34.4%) 3861 (34.7%) 586 (33.4%) 473 (33.9%) 269 (32.8%)
 No 9898 (65.6%) 7259 (65.3%) 1166 (66.6%) 921 (66.1%) 552 (67.2%)
The main source of COVID-19 pandemic information? < 0.001*
 World Health Organization (WHO) 4411 (29.2%) 2970 (26.7%) 628 (35.8%) 564 (40.5%) 249 (30.3%)  
 National Center for Disease Control (NCDC) 3873 (25.7%) 2955 (26.6%) 385 (22%) 292 (20.9%) 241 (29.4%)  
 News and Media 1576 (10.4%) 1254 (11.3%) 130 (7.4%) 124 (8.9%) 68 (8.3%)  
 Internet and Social Media 4771 (31.6%) 3617 (32.5%) 549 (31.3%) 366 (26.3%) 239 (29.1%)  
 More than one source 201 (1.3%) 150 (1.3%) 23 (1.3%) 21 (1.5%) 7 (0.9%)  
 Other 255 (1.7%) 174 (1.6%) 37 (2.1%) 27 (1.9%) 17 (2.1%)  
  1. *Significant at P < 0.001