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Table 1 Socio-demographic related information by weight status of the study participants (n = 627)

From: The association of sleep problem, dietary habits and physical activity with weight status of adolescents in Nepal

Study variables Total
n (%)
Underweight
n (%)
Normal
n (%)
Overweight/obese
n (%)
P value1
Prevalence of BMI
95% CI
627 (100) 57 (9.1)
[7.1–11.6]
421 (67.1)
[63.4–70.7]
149 (23.7)
[20.6–27.7]
 
Students characteristics
Age (years) (mean ± SD) 14.4 ± 1.1 15.1 ± 1.1 14.4 ± 1.1 13.9 ± 1.1 < 0.001*
Age (years)
  12–13 138 (22) 7 (12.2) 73 (17.3) 58 (38.9) < 0.001*
  14–16 489 (77.9) 50 (87.7) 348 (82.6) 91 (61.1)
Sex
  Female 288 (45.9) 23 (40.3) 192 (45.6) 73 (48.9) 0.523
  Male 339 (54.1) 34 (59.6) 229 (54.3) 76 (51)
Class/Grade
  Eight 193 (30.7) 16 (28.1) 128 (30.4) 49 (32.8) 0.056
  Nine 248 (39.5) 15 (26.3) 177 (42) 56 (37.5)
  Ten 186 (29.6) 26 (45.6) 116 (27.5) 44 (29.5)
Type of school
  Public 196 (31.2) 26 (45.6) 133 (31.5) 37 (24.8) 0.015*
  Private 112 (75.1) 31 (54.3) 288 (68.4) 112 (75.1)
Parents characteristics
Ethnicity
  Brahmin/Chhetri 225 (40.6) 14 (24.5) 174 (41.3) 67 (44.9) < 0.001*
  Terai Madhesi castes 68 (10.8) 4 (7) 42 (9.9) 22 (14.7)
  Dalit and minorities 89 (14.1) 25 (43.8) 50 (11.8) 14 (9.4)
  Janajati 215 (34.2) 14 (24.5) 155 (36.8) 46 (30.8)
Religion
  Hindu 493 (78.6) 42 (73.6) 325 (77.2) 126 (84.5) 0.107
  Non-Hindu 134 (21.3) 15 (26.3) 96 (22.8) 23 (15.4)
Family type
  Nuclear 347 (55.3) 28 (49.1) 240 (57) 79 (53) 0.430
  Joint 280 (44.6) 29 (50.8) 181 (42.9) 70 (46.9)
Mothers education
  Below high school (≤10 class) 365 (58.2) 29 (50.8) 242 (57.4) 94 (63.1) 0.452
  High class (10 + 2) 179 (28.5) 21 (36.8) 122 (28.9) 36 (24.1)
  University education 83 (13.2) 7 (12.2) 57 (13.5) 19 (12.7)  
Fathers education
  Below high school
(≤ 10 class)
87 (13.8) 6 (10.5) 59 (14) 22 (14.7) 0.937
  High class (10 + 2) 236 (37.6) 23 (40.3) 156 (37.1) 57 (38.2)
  University education 304 (48.4) 28 (49.1) 206 (48.9) 70 (46.9)
Mothers occupation
  Unemployed 396 (63.1) 36 (63.1) 260 (61.7) 100 (67.1) 0.507
  Employed 231 (36.8) 21 (36.8) 161 (38.2) 49 (32.8)
Fathers occupation
  Unemployed 157 (25) 21 (36.8) 110 (26.1) 26 (17.4) 0.011*
  Employed 470 (74.9) 36 (63.1) 311 (73.8) 123 (82.5)
Monthly family income (NRs)(1USD = 110NRs)
  < 15,000 112 (17.8) 15 (26.3) 68 (16.1) 29 (19.4) 0.543
  15,000–30,000 260 (41.4) 19 (33.3) 183 (43.4) 58 (38.9)
  30,000–45,000 132 (21.1) 13 (22.8) 87 (20.6) 32 (21.4)
  > 45,000 123 (19.6) 10 (17.5) 83 (19.7) 30 (20.1)
  1. 1Denotes chi-square test and fisher exact test for categorical variables and one-way ANOVA for continuous variables
  2. *Denotes statistically significant variables at p < 0.05