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Table 1 Characteristics and health factors of older workers (n = 324)

From: Work ability of Thai older Workers in Southern Thailand: a comparison of formal and informal sectors

Characteristics Worker sector: n (%)
formal (n = 71) informal (n = 253) total
Gender
 Male 37 (52.1) 58 (22.9) 95 (29.3)
 Female 34 (47.9) 195 (77.1) 229 (70.7)
Age group (y)
 45–49 25 (35.2) 49 (19.4) 74 (22.8)
 50–54 25 (35.2) 55 (21.7) 80 (24.7)
 55–59 17 (23.9) 32 (12.6) 49 (15.1)
 6070 4 (5.6) 117 (46.2) 121 (37.4)
Mean (S.D.) 51.9 (5.1) 57.4 (7.5) 56.2 (7.4)
Min, Max 45, 67 45, 70 45, 70
Marital status
 Single 5 (7.0) 21 (8.3) 26 (8.0)
 Married 61 (85.9) 181 (71.5) 242 (74.7)
 Widow/ Separate 5 (7.0) 51 (20.2) 56 (17.3)
Educational status
 Illiteracy 1 (1.4) 3 (1.2) 4 (1.2)
 Primary school 17 (23.9) 180 (71.1) 197 (60.8)
 Secondary school 28 (39.4) 51 (20.2) 79 (24.4)
 Bachelor degree or higher 25 (35.2) 19 (7.5) 44 (13.6)
NCDs
 Absence 46 (64.8) 122 (48.2) 168 (51.9)
 Presence (repeated answer) 25 (35.2) 131 (51.8) 156 (48.2)
  Hypertension 6 (8.5) 59 (23.3) 65 (20.1)
  Dyslipidemia 9 (12.7) 21 (8.3) 30 (9.3)
  Diabetes 5 (7.0) 10 (4.0) 15 (4.6)
  Chronic respiratory diseases 0 (0) 14 (5.5) 14 (4.3)
  others 5 (7.0) 27 (10.7) 32 (9.9)
Smoking status
 Never smoker 42 (59.2) 208 (82.2) 250 (77.2)
 Former smoker 10 (14.1) 13 (5.1) 23 (7.1)
 Smoker 19 (26.8) 32 (12.6) 51 (15.7)
Alcohol consumption
 Never drinker 40 (56.3) 201 (79.4) 241 (74.4)
 Ever drinker 0 (0) 10 (4.0) 10 (3.1)
 Drinker 31 (43.7) 42 (16.6) 73 (22.5)
Occupation
 Government employee 30 (42.3) 0 (0) 30 (9.3)
 Company employee 26 (36.6) 0 (0) 26 (8.0)
 General labour 10 (14.1) 67 (26.5) 77 (23.8)
 Rubber plantation 0 (0) 68 (26.9) 68 (21.0)
 Fruit plantation 0 (0) 15 (5.9) 15 (4.6)
 Merchant 0 (0) 64 (25.3) 64 (19.8)
 Personal business 0 (0) 16 (6.3) 16 (4.9)
 Others 5 (7.0) 23 (9.1) 28 (8.6)
Current working duration (y)
  < 10 32 (45.1) 106 (41.9) 138 (42.6)
 10–20 21 (29.6) 65 (25.7) 86 (26.5)
  > 20 18 (25.4) 82 (32.4) 100 (30.9)
Income per month (Thai baht)*
  < 5000 9 (12.7) 117 (46.2) 126 (38.9)
 5000 – 10,000 18 (25.4) 83 (32.8) 101 (31.2)
 10,001 – 15,000 16 (22.5) 21 (8.3) 37 (11.4)
  > 15,000 28 (39.4) 32 (12.6) 60 (18.5)
Regular exercise Activity
 Yes 33 (46.5) 100 (39.5) 133 (41.0)
 No 38 (53.5) 153 (60.5) 191 (59.0)
Waist circumference
 Normal 33 (46.5) 85 (33.6) 118 (36.4)
 Obesity 38 (53.5) 168 (66.4) 206 (63.6)
BMI (kg/m2)
  < =22.9 (normal) 28 (39.4) 84 (33.2) 112 (34.6)
  > =23.0 (overweight) 43 (60.6) 169 (66.8) 212 (65.4)
Work environment exposure
 Mild 40 (56.3) 122 (48.2) 162 (50.0)
 Moderate - high 31 (43.7) 131 (51.8) 162 (50.0)
Psychosocial exposure
 Mild 47 (66.2) 149 (58.9) 196 (60.5)
 Moderate - high 24 (33.8) 104 (41.1) 128 (39.5)
Work practices
 Unsafe 22 (31.0) 108 (42.7) 130 (40.1)
 Safe 49 (69.0) 145 (57.3) 194 (59.9)
Occupational health services experience
 Sometimes 31 (43.7) 137 (54.2) 168 (51.9)
 Frequently 40 (56.3) 116 (45.8) 156 (48.1)
Health promotion services experience
 Sometimes 13 (18.3) 58 (22.9) 71 (21.9)
 Frequently 58 (81.7) 195 (77.1) 253 (78.1)
  1. Note: 1 USD = 30.1568 Thai-baht (accessed on 18 January 2021)