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Table 5 Agreement and correlation statistics for paired analysis of gender variables within a family

From: The role of gender power relations on women’s health outcomes: evidence from a maternal health coverage survey in Simiyu region, Tanzania

Gender Variable Agreement Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient N (%) Discordance (women “yes”,
men “no”)
N (%) Discordance (women “no”,
men “yes”)
Decision-making and autonomy
 Women is able to leave the house 63.3% 0.27*** 76 (21.5%) 54 (15.3%)
 Women can make own decisions about health 54.0% 0.09 107 (30.2%) 56 (15.8%)
 Women can make major purchase decisions 59.3% 0.15** 40 (12.3%) 94 (28.6%)
 Women can make decisions to visit friends/family 40.1% 0.03 7 (2.0%) 205 (57.9%)
 Women/both sell poultry 60.7% 0.22*** 85 (24.0%) 54 (15.3%)
 Women/both sell livestock 72.0% 0.38*** 36 (10.2%) 63 (17.8%)
 Women/both decide how many children 66.7% 0.17** 48 (13.6%) 70 (19.8%)
 Women decide how to use own money 48.3% 0.25 1 (1.7%) 30 (50.0%)
Access to resources
 Woman worked last week 68.6% 0.42** 101 (28.5%) 10 (2.8%)
 Woman worked last year 72.4% 0.41** 15 (25.9%) 1 (1.7%)
 Woman has own bank account 99.2% 0.67*** 2 (0.6%) 1 (0.3%)
Norms and beliefs
 Husband justified in beating wife 74.7% 0.29*** 72 (20.2%) 18 (5.1%)
 Childbearing is women’s concern 72.7% 0.26*** 60 (17.2%) 37 (10.6%)
 Doctor is necessary for delivery 93.2% −0.04 12 (3.4%) 12 (3.4%)
 Contraception is women’s concern 72.9% 0.36*** 73 (20.8%) 22 (6.3%)
 Contraception is for promiscuous women 90.7% 0.26*** 18 (5.3%) 14 (4.1%)
 Woman has right to refuse sex from husband 70.9% 0.25 48 (13.7%) 54 (15.4%)
 If woman refuses sex, husband has right to reprimand/get angry with her 57.9% 0.16 90 (26.5%) 53 (15.6%)
 Husband has right to refuse money 67.8% 0.07 77 (22.3%) 34 (9.9%)
 Husband has right to use force for sex 73.6% 0.26*** 80 (23.0%) 12 (3.4%)
 Husband has right to have sex with another woman 72.2% 0.19*** 63 (18.8%) 30 (9.0%)
  1. Note: Gender variables are listed to the left which were asked among both the women’s and men’s survey
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.005