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Table 4 Adjusted individual gender models and outcomes with significant association (grouped by gender domain)

From: The role of gender power relations on women’s health outcomes: evidence from a maternal health coverage survey in Simiyu region, Tanzania

Gender Variables Odds Ratio (95% CI) P-value Outcome variable
Decision-making and autonomy
 Making own decisions about health 1.42 (1.004, 2.00) 0.048 Used condoms
 Making own decisions about health 1.41 (1.08,1 .84) 0.013 Used contraception
 Making own decisions about health 1.28 (1.06, 1.55) 0.010 Went to HF for herself
 Make major purchase decisions 1.31 (0.93, 1.83) 0.12 Used condoms
 Make major purchase decisions 1.43 (1.01, 2.02) 0.044 Health worker visited
 Make major purchase decisions 1.50 (1.1, 1.95) 0.0022 Used contraception
 Make daily purchase decisions 1.43 (1.04, 2.04) 0.030 Used condoms
 Make daily purchase decisions 1.48 (1.04, 2.10) 0.030 Health worker visited
 Make daily purchase decisions 1.26 (0.97, 1.62) 0.080 Used contraception
 Make daily purchase decisions 1.26 (1.05, 1.52) 0.012 Went to HF for herself
 Make decisions about selling poultry 1.36 (1.06, 1.76) 0.017 Used contraception
 Make decisions about selling poultry 1.36 (1.13, 1.63) 0.001 Went to HF for herself
 Make decisions about selling livestock 1.18 (0.90, 1.56) 0.24 Used contraception
 Make decisions about selling livestock 1.41 (1.16, 1.71) 0.00056 Went to HF for herself
 Make decisions about selling livestock 3.08 (1.50, 6.31) 0.0022 Skilled postnatal check
 Both decide how many children 1.52 (1.12, 2.05) 0.007 Used contraception
 Both decide how many children 1.41 (1.14, 1.73) 0.0012 Went to HF for herself
 Woman is able to decide how to use her own money 2.34 (1.28, 4.29) 0.0063 Went to HF for herself
Labor-sharing and partner involvement
 Partner attended ANC 2.81 (1.53, 5.15) 0.0009 Received tetanus
 Husband attended HF for family 1.87 (1.22, 2.87) 0.0039 Health worker visited in past year
 Husband attended HF for family 1.58 (1.21, 2.06) 0.00089 Went to HF for herself
Access and resources
 Has own money 1.63 (1.17, 2.28) 0.0040 Used condoms
 Has own money 1.40 (1.10, 1.79) 0.0062 Used contraception
 Has own money 1.93 (1.39, 2.68) 0.00011 Checked on at HF after giving birth
 Access to mobile banking 2.08 (1.18, 3.65) 0.011 Used condoms
 Access to mobile banking 1.40 (1.10, 1.79) 0.0062 Used contraception
 Access to mobile banking 1.11 (0.78, 1.56) 0.56 Went to HF for herself
 Woman has mobile phone 1.97 (1.40, 2.76) 0.00010 Used condoms
 Woman has mobile phone 1.69 (1.29, 2.22) 0.00015 Used contraception
 Woman has mobile phone 1.37 (1.11, 1.68) 0.0030 Went to HF for herself
Social norms and beliefs
 Woman believes husband justified is in beating 0.73 (0.43, 1.01) 0.057 Used contraception
 Woman believes husband has right to refuse money 0.51 (0.33, 0.79) 0.0025 Checked on at HF
 Woman believes husband has right to force sex 0.79 (0.58, 1.07) 0.13 Used contraception
 Woman believes husband has right to have sex with another woman 0.62 (0.41, 0.94) 0.026 Health worker visited in last year
 Woman believes husband has right to have sex with another woman 0.51 (0.33, 0.77) 0.0017 Checked on at HF
  1. All models were adjusted for women’s education, women’s age, household wealth, and household urbanicity. P-values are adjusted for false discovery rate
  2. HF Health facility