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Table 2 Healthcare services received during the project period, stratified housing services received

From: Variability in comorbidites and health services use across homeless typologies: multicenter data linkage between healthcare and homeless systems

  Stable Housing No homeless services
  Yes Hybrid No   ICD 10 code only
  N = 3017 N = 809 N = 5444 P-valuea N = 2177 P-valuea
  n % n % n %   n %  
Visit type
Ambulatory 2252 75 649 80 3616 66 < 0.001 1195 55 < 0.001
Emergency room 1165 39 388 48 3436 63   1599 73  
Hospitalization 406 13 139 17 1004 18   1025 47  
Fragmentation
# of facilities visited
  1 2132 71 543 67 3546 65 < 0.001 1319 61 < 0.001
  2 718 24 189 23 1343 25   560 26  
  3 141 5 59 7 396 7   224 10  
   ≥ 4 26 1 18 2 157 3   74 3  
# of EDs visited
  0 1852 61 421 52 2008 37 < 0.001 578 27 < 0.001
  1 1007 33 302 37 2527 46   1082 50  
  2 141 5 57 7 664 12   355 16  
  3 10 0.3 25 3 171 3   121 6  
   ≥ 4 7 0.2 4 0.5 74 1.4   41 2  
  1. Abbreviations: ED Emergency Department
  2. a P-values calculated with stable housing as the referent group. The P-values were < 0.001 for both the hybrid and no stable housing groups. For statistical tests of care fragmentation, we used the Cochran-Armitage test for trend across ordered categories