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Table 1 Characteristics of homeless populations or formerly homeless individuals who had received care at one or more of the six participating health systems, Chicago and suburban Cook County, Illinois

From: Variability in comorbidites and health services use across homeless typologies: multicenter data linkage between healthcare and homeless systems

  Homeless services received No homeless services
  Stable Housing ICD10 code only
  Yes Hybrid No   
  N = 3017 N = 809 N = 5444 N = 2177
  N % n % n % n %
Age category, years
  ≤ 20 97 3.2* 35 4.3 177 3.2* 97 4.5
 21 to 44 765 25.4* 229 28.3* 2177 40.0* 769 35.3
 45 to 64 1882 62.4* 485 60.0* 2699 49.6 1042 47.9
 65 to 74 162 5.4* 33 4.1* 198 3.6* 151 6.9
 75 to 89 16 0.5* < 10 < 1.0* 44 0.8* 43 2.0
  ≥ 90 39 1.3 < 10 < 1.0 46 0.8 27 1.2
 Missing 56 1.9 19 2.3 103 1.9 48 2.2
Race
 Non-Hispanic black 2335 77.4* 616 76.1* 3857 70.8* 1199 55.1
 Non-Hispanic white 331 11.0* 98 12.1* 895 16.4* 526 24.2
 Hispanic 123 4.1* 35 4.3* 286 5.2* 207 9.5
 Non-Hispanic Asian 16 0.5 < 10 < 1.0 30 0.6 12 0.6
 Other/unknown 212 7.0* 53 6.6* 376 6.9* 244 11.2
Sex
 Male 1633 54.1* 498 61.6* 3484 64.0* 1484 68.2
 Female 1334 44.2* 299 37.0* 1919 35.2* 679 31.2
 Missing or other 50 1.7 12 1.5 41 0.8 28 1.3
Homeless service received, stablea
 Permanent supportive housing 2734 90.6 411 50.8
 Rapid rehousing 287 9.5 481 59.5
 Safe haven 27 0.9 19 2.4
Homeless service received, not stablea
 Emergency shelter 496 61.3 4575 84.0
 Transitional housing 230 28.4 827 15.2
 Street outreach 234 28.9 656 12.0
  1. Abbreviations: HMIS Homeless Management Information System
  2. Values representing less than ten individuals reported as < 10, all of which had a percent < 1.0
  3. * Statistically significant difference at P < 0.05 significance level, by the chi-square test. No homeless services is the referent group. All comparisons were 2X2 tables; i.e., each variable across each homeless services column was cross tabulated with the referent group
  4. -- Symbol for a value of zero; by definition, these cells are zero
  5. a Sums to > 100% because many individuals received services across different categories