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Table 2 Changes in sleep and physical activity from pre- to during COVID-19

From: Changes in physical activity and sleep habits among adults in Russian Federation during COVID-19: a cross-sectional study

  Males Females Total
Pre-COVID During COVID P-value Pre-COVID During COVID P-value Pre-COVID During COVID P-value
Number of days per week not getting enough sleep (M, SD) 2.88 ± 2.39 2.66 ± 2.56 < 0.001 3.26 ± 2.45 2.9 ± 2.57 < 0.001 3.21 ± 2.44 2.86 ± 2.57 < 0.001
Number of days per week having trouble falling asleep sleep (M, SD) 1.74 ± 2.32 2.14 ± 2.54 < 0.001 1.7 ± 2.23 2.13 ± 2.47 < 0.001 1.7 ± 2.24 2.13 ± 2.48 < 0.001
Number of days per week waking up earlier than wanted (M, SD) 2.65 ± 2.64 2.45 ± 2.61 < 0.001 2.62 ± 2.62 2.62 ± 2.6 0.905 2.6 ± 2.62 2.59 ± 2.6 0.505
Days per week engaged in MPA 3.4 ± 2.39 2.47 ± 2.38 < 0.001 2.92 ± 2.44 2.1 ± 2.32 < 0.001 2.99 ± 2.44 2.15 ± 2.33 < 0.001
Average time per day spent in MPA, mins 52.5 ± 38.5 37.59 ± 37.59 < 0.001 40.87 ± 37.18 29.32 ± 34.87 < 0.001 42.43 ± 37.57 30.44 ± 35.35 < 0.001
Days per week engaged in VPA 2.6 ± 2.29 2.03 ± 2.25 < 0.001 2.18 ± 2.19 1.74 ± 2.18 < 0.001 2.24 ± 2.21 1.78 ± 2.19 < 0.001
Average time per day spent in VPA, mins 48.98 ± 40.81 32.88 ± 37.53 < 0.001 36.05 ± 37.01 25.57 ± 34.13 < 0.001 37.79 ± 37.80 26.56 ± 34.69 < 0.001
Days per week spending walking (M, SD) 5.22 ± 2.25 3.58 ± 2.67 < 0.001 5.37 ± 2.09 3.78 ± 2.64 < 0.001 5.35 ± 2.12 3.76 ± 2.64 < 0.001
Average time per day spent walking (M, SD), mins 63.48 ± 38.66 40.75 ± 38.05 < 0.001 60.04 ± 38.65 40.84 ± 38.7 < 0.001 60.5 ± 38.66 40.83 ± 38.6 < 0.001
Number of days per week doing resistance training 1.86 ± 2.09 1.52 ± 2.1 < 0.001 1.12 ± 1.79 0.96 ± 1.82 < 0.001 1.22 ± 1.85 1.04 ± 1.87 < 0.001
Number of days per week spent doing exercises such as gymnastics, yoga 1.27 ± 2.12 1.1 ± 1.98 < 0.001 1.55 ± 2.11 1.45 ± 2.17 0,002 1.51 ± 2.11 1.41 ± 2.15 0.001
Meeting PA Guidelines, %
≥150mins/week MPA or 45.7% 31.1% < 0.001 35.0% 20.8% < 0.001 36.4% 22.2% < 0.001
≥75mins/week VPA or 56.7% 39.9% < 0.001 45.5% 29.7% < 0.001 47.0% 31.0% < 0.001
Combination of MVPA 78.0% 57.9% < 0.001 66.0% 47.3% < 0.001 67.6% 48.8% < 0.001
Muscle strength. Activities ≥ 2 days/week 57.9% 47.3% < 0.001 52.2% 44.2% < 0.001 53.0% 44.6% < 0.001
  1. PA Physical activity, MPA Moderate-intensity physical activity, VPA Vigorous- intensity physical activity, MVPA Moderate- and vigorous intensity physical activity