Skip to main content

Table 3 Fully adjusted associations among Family Routines and Child Movement by Household Chaos Category (n = 1836)^

From: Household chaos, family routines, and young child movement behaviors in the U.S. during the COVID-19 outbreak: a cross-sectional study

  Sleep Screen-time
Low Chaos (n = 380) β (95% CI) p-value β (95% CI) p-value
 Bed-time Ritual 0.36 (−0.19 to 0.91) 0.20 0.15 (−0.67 to 0.99) 0.71
 Consistent Bed-time −0.22 (− 0.55 to 0.10) 0.17 − 0.65 (−1.14 to − 0.16) 0.001**
 Routines Since the Outbreak
  Very important Referent   Referent  
  Somewhat important −0.09 (− 0.32 to 0.13) 0.42 0.10 (− 0.24 to 0.44) 0.55
  Less/not important −0.15 (− 0.20 to 0.23) 0.42 069 (0.11 to 1.26) 0.01*
Moderate/Low Chaos (n = 432)
 Bed-time Ritual 0.58 (0.07 to 1.08) 0.02* −0.18 (− 0.85 to 0.47) 0.57
 Consistent Bed-time 0.04 (−0.26 to 0.34) 0.79 0.03 (−0.36 to 0.43) 0.86
 Routines Since the Outbreak
  Very important Referent   Referent  
  Somewhat important −0.03 (−0.29 to 0.22) 0.79 0.12 (−0.21 to 0.46) 0.48
  Less/not important −0.16 (− 0.50 to 0.17) 0.34 0.31 (− 0.14 to 0.75) 0.18
Moderate/High Chaos (n = 502)
 Bed-time Ritual 0.98 (0.54 to 1.42) 0.001** −0.26 (− 0.83 to 0.32) 0.37
 Consistent Bed-time 0.15 (−0.10 to 0.40) 0.24 −0.03 (− 0.35 to 0.29) 0.85
 Routines Since the Outbreak
  Very important Referent   Referent  
  Somewhat important −0.11 (−0.35 to 0.13) 0.38 0.39 (0.08 to 0.71) 0.01*
  Less/not important −0.21 (− 0.52 to 0.08) 0.16 0.61 (0.22 to 0.99) 0.002**
High Chaos (n = 521)
 Bed-time Ritual 0.14 (−0.26 to 0.53) 0.49 −0.91 (−1.47 to − 0.36) 0.001**
 Consistent Bed-time 0.15 (−0.10 to 0.40) 0.24 0.07 (−0.27 to 0.43) 0.67
 Routines Since the Outbreak
  Very important Referent   Referent  
  Somewhat important −0.11 (−0.38 to 0.15) 0.40 0.03 (−0.34 to 0.40) 0.87
  Less/not important −0.15 (− 0.43 to 0.14) 0.33 0.47 (0.06 to 0.88) 0.02*
  1. ^Assessed using linear regression with adjustment for child age, sex, ethnicity, maternal age, household income prior to outbreak, maternal employment prior to outbreak, household size, number of children in household, mothers current stress, U.S. state of residence, current telework status of the mother, current non-parental care status, income change since outbreak, and the other three movement behaviors (total physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, sleep hours, or screen-time) in the same model by chaos category; Sleep and Screen-time represent hours/day; *p < 0.05; p < 0.01**