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Table 1 Mean number of violent crime type in pregnancy per exposure quintile.

From: Associations between neighborhood violence during pregnancy and birth outcomes: evidence from São Paulo’s Western Region Birth Cohort

  1st quintile 2nd quintile 3rd quintile 4th quintile 5th quintile
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Murder 0.39 ± 0.49 1.71 ± 0.67 2.64 ± 0.71 4.34 ± 1.38 9.08 ± 2.85
Assault followed by death 0.26 ± 0.65 0.26 ± 0.65 0.29 ± 0.65 0.48 ± 0.90 0.65 ± 1.50
Bodily injury followed by death 0.01 ± 0.08 0.02 ± 0.12 0.01 ± 0.10 0 0
Death resulting from police intervention 0 0.01 ± 0.16 0.06 ± 0.34 0.22 ± 0.64 3.02 ± 2.79
  1. SD: standard deviation