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Table 2 Logistic Regression Predicting Utilization of Antenatal Care in Benin (IDSB-V, 2017–2018)

From: Exploring antenatal care utilization and intimate partner violence in Benin - are lives at stake?

Variable (reference group) At least 4 visits At least 8 visits
Odds Ratio Stand. Error Confidence Interval 95% p-value Odds Ratio Stand. Error Confidence Interval 95% p-value
Ever Experienced IPV (never IPV) 0.753** (0.0691) 0.628–0.901 0.002 0.865 (0.129) 0.646–1.159 0.332
Decision making (no decision making)a 1.280* (0.132) 1.045–1.569 0.017 1.724** (0.340) 1.170–2.540 0.0059
Age Group (15–24)
 25–34 1.157 (0.144) 0.906–1.477 0.241 1.882** (0.397) 1.244–2.847 0.002
 35–49 1.470* (0.235) 1.074–2.013 0.016 2.194** (0.572) 1.315–3.662 0.003
 Lives in rural region (urban) 1.075 (0.125) 0.855–1.352 0.537 0.843 (0.142) 0.606–1.173 0.310
Respondent Education (no education)
 Primary 1.262 (0.186) 0.945–1.686 0.114 0.970 (0.187) 0.664–1.418 0.876
 Secondary or Higher 3.806 (3.053) 0.788–18.40 0.096 1.313 (0.484) 0.636–2.710 0.461
Wealth Index (poorest)
 Poorer 1.587*** (0.196) 1.245–2.022 0.000 1.301 (0.395) 0.716–2.364 0.387
 Middle 1.857*** (0.243) 1.437–2.401 0.000 1.934* (0.586) 1.067–3.505 0.030
 Rich 2.618*** (0.363) 1.994–3.438 0.000 2.618*** (0.749) 1.493–4.592 0.001
 Richest 5.490*** (0.951) 3.907–7.714 0.000 5.780*** (1.732) 3.208–10.41 0.000
Respondent Employment
 Working (not working) 0.904 (0.143) 0.662–1.233 0.522 1.100 (0.298) 0.646–1.872 0.725
 Paid for work (not paid for work) 1.451** (0.190) 1.122–1.876 0.005 0.890 (0.229) 0.537–1.476 0.652
Number of ever children (one child)
 2–4 children 0.680** (0.093) 0.519–0.891 0.005 0.573** (0.122) 0.377–0.870 0.010
 5 or more children 0.589** (0.108) 0.411–0.846 0.004 0.542* (0.153) 0.311–0.945 0.031
Religion (Muslim)
 Catholic 1.983*** (0.277) 1.507–2.610 0.000 1.651* (0.393) 1.034–2.637 0.036
 Christian 2.942*** (0.411) 2.236–3.870 0.000 2.838*** (0.626) 1.840–4.378 0.000
 Traditional 1.717** (0.287) 1.237–2.384 0.001 1.549 (0.564) 0.758–3.166 0.230
 Other 2.990*** (0.559) 2.072–4.317 0.000 1.863* (0.574) 1.017–3.412 0.040
 No religion 1.687* (0.350) 1.122–2.537 0.0121 2.840** (1.129) 1.301–6.200 0.009
Husband/Partner Education (no education)
 Primary 1.165 (0.132) 0.932–1.456 0.179 1.440* (0.253) 1.020–2.033 0.039
 Secondary or Higher 1.738* (0.411) 1.093–2.764 0.020 1.724* (0.386) 1.110–2.678 0.015
 Unknown 1.063 (0.244) 0.677–1.667 0.791 1.079 (0.366) 0.554–2.101 0.824
 Husband employed (not employed) 1.066 (0.379) 0.531–2.144 0.856 1.015 (0.602) 0.317–3.252 0.980
 Husband Drinks (does not drink) 0.890 (0.0938) 0.723–1.094 0.268 0.980 (0.180) 0.683–1.406 0.912
 Wife-beating justified (not justified) 1.077 (0.103) 0.893–1.298 0.439 1.071 (0.164) 0.792–1.447 0.657
 Constant 0.273** (0.108) 0.125–0.594 0.001 0.0144*** (0.010) 0.00389–0.0534 0.000
 Observations 3084     3084    
  1. Standard error in parenthesis - *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05