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Table 3 Predictors of self-rated mental health, relationships and satisfaction with life (N = 1903)

From: Employment and retirement impacts on health and wellbeing among a sample of rural Australians

Predictor Outcome variable – Global ratings (1 to 5):
Mental health Relationships Satisfaction with life
Work/retirement status
 Employed (all phases) 0 0 0
 Not in workforce (all phases) −0.55 (− 0.82, − 0.28)** −0.28 (− 0.53, − 0.04)* −0.50 (− 0.73, − 0.26)**
 Retired (all phases) 0.19 (0.06, 0.32)** 0.22 (0.10, 0.34)** 0.16 (0.05, 0.27)**
 Employed to retired 0.11 (−0.12, 0.34) 0.14 (− 0.06, 0.34) 0.13 (− 0.05, 0.32)
 Not in workforce to retired 0.07 (−0.27, 0.40) − 0.36 (− 0.73, 0.01) −0.05 (− 0.36, 0.25)
Study phase
 Baseline 0 0 0
 1-year follow-up −0.14 (− 0.24, − 0.03)* − 0.18 (− 0.27, − 0.09)** − 0.09 (− 0.17, 0.01)
 3-year follow-up − 0.09 (− 0.21, 0.04) − 0.08 (− 0.19, 0.04) − 0.03 (− 0.13, 0.08)
 5-year follow-up − 0.15 (− 0.28, − 0.03)* − 0.22 (− 0.34, − 0.10)** −0.12 (− 0.24, − 0.01)*
Significant work/retirement status by phase interactions
 Not in workforce to retired by 1-year follow-up   0.35 (0.04, 0.66)*  
Sex
 Male 0 0 0
 Female 0.00 (− 0.11, 0.11) 0.10 (0.01, 0.20)* 0.06 (−0.04, 0.15)
Live on a farm
 No 0 0 0
 Yes 0.02 (−0.11, 0.15) −0.02 (− 0.13, 0.10) −0.05 (− 0.15, 0.06)
Any chronic disease
 No 0 0 0
 Yes −0.12 (−0.23, − 0.02)* −0.03 (− 0.12, 0.06) −0.05 (− 0.13, 0.04)
Currently married
 No 0 0 0
 Yes 0.18 (0.06, 0.30)** 0.15 (0.04, 0.26)** 0.23 (0.13, 0.34)**
Recent adverse life events −0.20 (− 0.23, − 0.16)** −0.16 (− 0.20, − 0.13)** − 0.18 (− 0.21, − 0.14)**
ARIA −0.01 (− 0.03, 0.00) 0.01 (− 0.01, 0.02) 0.00 (− 0.02, 0.01)
Occupation
 Manager 0 0 0
 Professional −0.01 (− 0.19, 0.17) − 0.02 (− 0.18, 0.13) −0.02 (− 0.18, 0.13)
 Technician/trade worker − 0.14 (− 0.35, 0.07) − 0.16 (− 0.36, 0.03) −0.11 (− 0.29, 0.07)
 Community or personal service worker − 0.09 (− 0.31, 0.13) −0.02 (− 0.22, 0.18) −0.01 (− 0.19, 0.18)
 Clerical or administrative worker − 0.05 (− 0.24, 0.14) −0.06 (− 0.23, 0.11) −0.09 (− 0.24, 0.07)
 Sales worker − 0.05 (− 0.34, 0.25) 0.01 (− 0.24, 0.27) 0.00 (− 0.24, 0.24)
 Machinery operator or driver − 0.18 (− 0.47, 0.11) − 0.16 (− 0.44, 0.12) −0.07 (− 0.31, 0.18)
 Labourer − 0.15 (− 0.37, 0.07) − 0.16 (− 0.37, 0.05) −0.13 (− 0.32, 0.07)
 Not in workforce − 0.05 (− 0.28, 0.19) − 0.07 (− 0.27, 0.14) −0.06 (− 0.25, 0.13)
 Mixed occupations − 0.03 (− 0.26, 0.19) 0.05 (− 0.14, 0.25) − 0.07 (− 0.26, 0.13)
 Missing − 0.20 (− 0.44, 0.04) −0.11 (− 0.34, 0.12) −0.09 (− 0.27, 0.10)
  1. Note: ARIA, Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia Plus. Tabled values are raw regression weights (99% CIs) from Generalised Estimating Equations, which controlled for participant ID and household ID (N = 1903 individuals; 1427 households; 4914 cases): *p < 0.01; **p < 0.001. Twelve predictors examining work/retirement status by phase interactions were also included in each analysis. A small number of individuals (N = 28) were excluded from these analyses due to missing scores on some of the predictor variables