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Table 1 Maternal participant characteristics in comparison with Australian Indigenous birthing populations

From: Central Australian Aboriginal women’s pregnancy, labour and birth outcomes following maternal smokeless tobacco (pituri) use, cigarette use or no-tobacco use: a prospective cohort study

Variable Participants % Comparative populations (where data available)e
Indigenous Alice Springs mothersa% Indigenous NT mothersa,b% Indigenous Australian mothersa,b,c%
Age at birthing
 Mean (years) 24.5 25.8 25.0 25.3
 <  20 20.5 21.0 20.0 17.8
 21–34 76.8 70.8 72.5 72.2
 > 35 2.7 8.2 7.5 10.0
Usual residenced
 Urban 16.4 39.3 38.4 42.1
 Regional n/a n/a n/a 34.9
 Rural/remote 83.5 60.6 61.6 23.0
Tobacco use (smoking only)
 First 20 weeks 31.5 35.0 52.0 47.0
Alcohol in pregnancy 14.2   9.5 16.3
Parity (n =)
 0 34.3   33.5 33.9
 1–2 48.6   42.0 44.6
 3+ 17.1   24.4 23.3
Antenatal visits (n =)
 1–3 16.1 13.4 8.1  
 4–7 27.4 35.9 30.5 (≥ 5) 85.0
 8 and more 56.4 49.3 59.8
Gestation at first antenatal visit
 < 14 weeks 51.5 61.25 61.0 52.5
 14–26 weeks 34.4 29.5 31.6 (<  20 weeks) 74.9
 > 27 weeks 14.0 9.2 7.4 (>  20 weeks) 25.1
  1. aHall, J., Case, A., & O’Neil, L. (2015). Northern Territory Midwives’ Collection. Mothers and Babies 2013 [31]
  2. bAustralian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2015). Australia’s Mothers and Babies 2013-in brief. Perinatal Statistics Series no. 31 [32]
  3. cAustralian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2013). Healthy for Life: results for July 2007–June 2011. (IHW 84). Canberra: AIHW [33]
  4. dRemoteness area derived by applying ABS 2011 Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) [34] to area of mother’s usual residence. At the Australian level, no regional area is defined for the NT. NT Mothers and Babies Report [31] defines urban as the NT townships including Alice Springs; rural/remote covers the rest of the NT
  5. ePercentages have been rounded for reporting purposes and may not add to 100%