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Table 4 Factors associated with presence of HIV risk behavior in prisonsb

From: Prisoners’ access to HIV services in southern Malawi: a cross-sectional mixed methods study

Variables Risk behaviour
Yes (%)
Crude OR (95% CI) P-value Adjusted OR (95% CI)a P-value
Sex
 Male 259 (78.5) 21.89 (2.59–184.77) 0.005 26.60 (2.81–251.50) 0.004
 Female 1(14.3) Reference   Reference  
Age group in years
 18–29 97 (74.1) Reference Reference
 30–44 135 (79.9) 1.39 (0.81–2.39) 0.232 1.74 (0.87–3.50) 0.118
 45 and above 28 (75.7) 1.09 (0.47–2.54) 0.841 1.18 (0.42–3.29) 0.748
Prisoners status
 Remand 17 (77.3) Reference Reference
 Sentenced/convicted 243 (77.1) 0.99 (0.35–2.78) 0.989 1.00 (0.27–3.50) 0.999
Marital status
 Single 55 (85.9) Reference Reference
 Married 156 (74.3) 0.47 (0.22–1.02) 0.056 0.37 (0.14–0.97) 0.043
 Separated/divorced/ widowed 49 (77.8) 0.57 (0.23–1.44) 0.236 0.42 (0.14–1.28) 0.128
Duration of incarceration in years
 < 1 33 (68.8) Reference Reference
 1–5 171 (77.0) 1.52 (0.77–3.03) 0.228 0.81 (0.33–2.01) 0.651
 > 5 56 (83.6) 2.31(0.95–5.63) 0.064 0.85 (0.28–2.58) 0.779
Prison location
 Urban 253 (83.2) 18.43 (7.59–44.74) < 0.001 17.71 (6.95–45.13) < 0.001
 Rural 7 (21.2) Reference   Reference  
  1. aModel adjusted for sex, age, location of prison, prisoner status, marital status and period of incarceration
  2. bRisk behavior is defined as having either accepted or provided sex in exchange for money/goods/other favors and/or unsafe use of tools such as spikes, razor blades and needles