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Table 2 Prisoners’ knowledge of HIV Services and experience of HIV risk behavioura

From: Prisoners’ access to HIV services in southern Malawi: a cross-sectional mixed methods study

  Urban Prison n = 353 Rural Prison n = 59 P value
N = 412 Yes n (%) Yes n (%)
Access to HIV information
 HIV 297 (84.1) 50 (84.7) 0.91
 Condoms 186 (52.7) 44 (74.6) < 0.001
 Lubricants 31(8.8) 15 (25.4) < 0.001
 Tuberculosis 297 (84.1) 51 (86.4) 0.65
 Antiretroviral Therapy 294 (83.3) 47 (79.7) 0.49
 PMTCT 110 (31.2) 21 (35.6) 0.50
 Clean needles and syringes 236 (66.9) 47 (79.7) 0.05
 Voluntary Counselling and Testing 305 (86.4) 51 (86.4) 0.99
 HIV positive livingc 324 (91.8) 54 (91.5) 0.95
 Male circumcision 255 (72.2) 47 (79.7) 0.23
Information on HIV risk behaviors
 Provided sex to others in prison 24 (7.9) 1 (3.0) 0.31
 Paid/accepted money/goods for sex 16 (4.4) 0 (0.0) 0.09
 Shared needles/spikes and syringesb 51 (16.8) 7 (21.2) < 0.001
  1. aHIV risk behaviors include actions that would influence the spread of HIV in prisons
  2. bNeedles and spikes: Sharp objects used for tattooing and piercing of ears
  3. cHIV positive living: include any information about how those who are HIV positive can take care of their lives