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Table 1 Descriptive overview of study participants

From: Heatwave-protective knowledge and behaviour among urban populations: a multi-country study in Tunisia, Georgia and Israel

Personal characteristics Tunisia
N = 417
Georgia
N = 419
Israel
N = 556
Difference
N (%) N (%) N (%) p-value
Gender     < .001
 Male 209 (50.1) 194 (46.3) 202 (36.3)  
 Female 208 (49.9) 225 (53.7) 353 (63.5)  
 Other 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.2)  
Mean age (sd) 42.3 (16.0) 48.6 (18.0) 36.3 (13.5) < .001
Citya     NA
A 231 (55.4) 265 (63.2) 233 (41.9)  
B 114 (27.3) 85 (20.3) 119 (21.4)  
C 72 (17.3) 69 (16.5) 204 (36.7)  
Education     < .001
 Low 267 (64.0) 156 (37.2) 179 (32.2)  
 Medium 37 (8.9) 53 (12.6) 85 (15.3)  
 High 113 (27.1) 210 (50.1) 292 (52.5)  
Children below 12 89 (21.3) 111 (26.6) 182 (32.7) < .001
Employment     < .001
 Student 47 (11.3) 27 (6.4) 71 (12.8)  
 Employed / self-employed 210 (50.5) 291 (69.5) 398 (71.6)  
 Unemployed 51 (12.3) 33 (7.9) 25 (4.5)  
 Retired 41 (9.9) 44 (10.5) 23 (4.1)  
 Housewife 67 (16.1) 22 (5.3) 0 (0.0)  
 Other 0 (0.0) 2 (0.5) 39 (7.0)  
Work mainly outdoorsb 101 (50.5) 148 (50.7) 106 (26.6) < .001
Work taking care of othersb 42 (21.0) 29 (9.9) 86 (21.6) < .001
Participated in (religious) fast 337 (80.8) 154 (36.8) 146 (26.3) < .001
Medication for chronic disease 108 (25.9) 180 (43.0) 119 (21.4) < .001
  1. aCities A, B and C represent Tunis, Kairouan and Gafsa (Tunisia); Tbilisi, Batumi and Telavi (Georgia); Tel Aviv, Beer Sheva and Haifa (Israel), respectively;
  2. bThe questions on ‘working mainly outdoors’ and ‘work consists of taking care of others’ were only addressed to respondents who were employed/self-employed. The sample sizes were 200, 292 and 398 in Tunisia, Georgia and Israel, respectively