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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of the scales included in the study, across age groups: % or mean (SD)

From: Empowerment among adult patients with type 2 diabetes: age differentials in relation to person-centred primary care, community resources, social support and other life-contextual circumstances

  Age
27–54
Age
55–64
Age
65
P-value
Scale
 Empowerment (%)
  High (≥ 4) 48.4 57.7 58.4 **
  Low (<  4) 51.6 42.3 41.6  
Continuity of care (%):
 -Family/regular physician
  No/don’t know 31.5 25.0 24.9 *
  Yes 68.5 75.0 75.1  
 -Family/regular nurse
  No/don’t know 53.5 50.1 46.2 *
  Yes 46.5 49.9 53.8  
PACIC (range 1–5) 2.5 (0.9) 2.4 (0.9) 2.2 (0.8) ***
Social support (1–5)
 Community 3.3 (0.9) 3.4 (0.8) 3.5 (0.8) **
 Family and friends 3.7 (1.1) 3.8 (1.0) 3.9 (0.9) *
 Peers 3.1 (1.3) 3.2 (1.3) 3.3 (1.2) ns.
Stress (1–5) 2.0 (0.5) 1.7 (0.5) 1.5 (0.4) ***
Diabetes-related distress (1–4) 2.0 (0.6) 1.8 (0.6) 1.6 (0.5) ***
Energy/vitality (0–100) 52.6 (23.9) 59.6 (22.8) 62.5 (21.5) ***
Emotional well-being (0–100) 65.2 (20.8) 71.8 (19.5) 74.8 (18.3) ***
Diabetes counselling (1–3) 2.5 (0.5) 2.5 (0.5) 2.5 (0.5) ns.
  1. Chi2-test for categorical variables and One-way ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis test for continuous variables
  2. P-value for statistical significance between age groups: *** p ≤ .001; ** p < .01; * p < .05; ns. non-significant