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Table 1 Knowledge towards cervical cancer and its screening at the University of Gondar, Ethiopia, April, 2018 (n = 403)

From: Knowledge, attitude and practices on cervical cancer screening among undergraduate female students in University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia: an institution based cross sectional study

Variables Categories Number Percent (%)
Have you ever heard about cervical cancer? Yes 363 90.1
No 40 9.9
Where did you learn about cervical cancer? Teachers 119 32.8
News media 108 29.8
Health institutions 98 27
Family, friends, neighbors 30 8.3
Magazine 8 2.2
What is causative agent of cervical cancer? Virus 142 35.2
Bacteria 54 13.4
Fungi 20 5
Parasite 16 4
Don’t know 171 42.4
What are the symptoms of carcinoma of the cervix? Vaginal foul smelling discharge 84 20.8
Vaginal irregular bleeding 83 20.6
Post coital bleeding 15 3.7
All of the three symptoms 29 7.2
Don’t know 192 47.6
Do you know the
Risk factors for cancer of the cervix?
Having multiple sexual partners 101 25.1
Human papilloma virus 63 15.6
Early sexual intercourse 48 11.9
Cigarette smoking 11 2.7
All the four risks 47 11.7
Don’t know 133 33
How can a person prevent getting cancer of the cervix? Avoid multiple sexual partners 101 25.1
Avoid early sexual intercourse 68 16.9
HPV vaccination 33 8.2
Quit cigarette smoking 19 4.7
All the four prevention mechanisms 42 10.4
Don’t know 140 34.7
Can cancer of the cervix be cured in its earliest stages? Yes 296 73.4
No 19 4.7
Don’t know 88 21.8
How can someone with cancer of the cervix be treated? Surgery 94 23.3
Specific drugs are given by a hospital 92 22.8
Radiotherapy 92 22.8
All 19 4.7
Don’t know 106 26.3
Screening frequency Once a year 240 59.6
Every 3 years 83 20.6
Every 5 years 30 7.4
All 5 1.2
Don’t know 45 11.2
Who should be screened? Women of > 25 years 195 48.4
Prostitutes 83 20.6
Elderly women 30 7.4
All 51 12.7
Don’t know 44 10.9
Which screening method do you know? Papanicolau smear 152 37.7
Biopsy 108 26.8
Visual inspection with acetic acid 39 9.7
All 35 8.7
Don’t know 69 17.1
Compute Knowledge of respondents Good 239 59.3
Poor 164 40.7