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Table 4 Odds of experiencing sexual violence compared to non-contact violence among 15–49-year-old women seeking psychosocial support in eastern Ukraine, N = 5597, 2016–2017

From: Factors associated with experiencing sexual violence among female gender-based violence survivors in conflict-afflicted eastern Ukraine

  Crude Odds Ratios (OR) Adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR) 
  OR 95% CI Sharpened q-value AOR 95% CI Sharpened q-value
     Model 1: sociodemographic a
Age at incident 0.92 0.91, 0.94 0.001 0.95 0.93, 0.97 0.001
Residency status at incident
 Local resident 1.00    1.00   
 IDP 1.59 1.20, 2.11 0.001 1.56 1.16, 2.08 0.005
Marital status
 Married or Cohabitating 1.00    1.00   
 Single or widowed 4.49 3.31, 6.09 0.001 2.67 1.87, 3.80 0.001
 Divorced or Separated 1.39 0.91, 2.13 0.054 1.39 0.90, 2.14 0.079
Number of children under 18
 No children 1.00    1.00   
 1+ child 0.38 0.29, 0.50 0.001 0.72 0.51, 0.999 0.038
Employment
 Professional 1.00    1.00   
 General labor 0.80 0.53, 1.22 0.103 0.88 0.58, 1.35 0.222
 Unpaid labor 0.50 0.33, 0.77 0.001 0.60 0.38, 0.93 0.021
 Not in the workforce 1.49 1.03, 2.15 0.018 1.16 0.79, 1.71 0.185
 Student 3.89 2.32, 6.51 0.001 0.91 0.50, 1.63 0.230
     Model 2: incident b
Recurrence of incident
 Once 1.00    1.00   
 Multiple times 0.28 0.20, 0.39 0.001 0.30 0.22, 0.43 0.001
Place of incident
 Client or common home 1.00    1.00   
 Perpetrator’s home 2.21 1.39, 3.51 0.001 1.83 1.13, 2.96 0.015
 At an institution 2.74 1.94, 3.89 0.001 1.70 1.17, 2.45 0.008
 Outdoors 2.67 1.84, 3.89 0.001 1.81 1.22, 2.69 0.005
     Model 3: perpetrator b
Number of perpetrators
 1 1.00    1.00   
 2+ 0.40 0.22, 0.73 0.002 0.3 0.15, 0.57 0.001
 Unknown 0.85 0.43, 1.69 0.183 1.4 0.50, 3.88 0.212
Sex of perpetrator
 Female/Both 1.00    1.00   
 Male 37.60 9.22, 149.72 0.001 66.34 16.28, 270.33 0.001
Age of perpetrator
 Under 26 1.00    1.00   
 26–40 0.71 0.48, 1.01 0.049 1.11 0.70, 1.77 0.224
 Over 40 0.46 0.30, 0.71 0.001 0.7 0.43, 1.16 0.084
 Unknown 0.45 0.21, 0.95 0.019 0.22 0.08, 0.59 0.005
Relationship to perpetrator
 Intimate partner 1.00    1.00   
 Family member 1.03 0.63, 1.66 0.200 1.85 1.08, 3.17 0.023
 No relation 5.39 3.92, 7.39 0.001 10.01 6.88, 14.77 0.001
 Unknown 1.57 0.56, 4.39 0.134 5.25 1.55, 17.84 0.01
  1. Note: OR Odds ratio AOR Adjusted odds ratio, IDP Internally displaced person
  2. a adjusted for all listed sociodemographic characteristics
  3. b adjusted for age and marital and residency status