Skip to main content

Table 3 Odds of Experiencing Sexual Violence Compared to Physical Violence Among 15–49-Year-Old Women Seeking Psychosocial Support in Eastern Ukraine, N = 3148, 2016–2017

From: Factors associated with experiencing sexual violence among female gender-based violence survivors in conflict-afflicted eastern Ukraine

  Crude Odds Ratios (OR) Adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR) 
  OR 95% CI Sharpened q-value AOR 95% CI Sharpened q-value
     Model 1: sociodemographic a
Age at incident 0.91 0.89, 0.93 0.001 0.94 0.92, 0.96 0.001
Residency status at incident
 Local resident 1.00    1.00   
 IDP 2.4 1.79, 3.21 0.001 1.90 1.39, 2.59 0.001
Marital status
 Married or Cohabitating 1.00    1.00   
 Single or widowed 7.64 5.58, 10.45 0.001 4.28 2.98, 6.16 0.001
 Divorced or Separated 2.56 1.66, 3.94 0.001 2.59 1.66, 4.03 0.001
Number of children < 18
 No children 1.00    1.00   
 1+ child 0.38 0.29, 0.50 0.001 0.71 0.50, 0.997 0.029
Employment
 Professional 1.00    1.00   
 General labor 0.67 0.44, 1.03 0.020 0.86 0.55, 1.35 0.159
 Unpaid labor 0.49 0.32, 0.75 0.001 0.68 0.43, 1.08 0.048
 Not in the workforce 1.22 0.84, 1.78 0.079 1.16 0.77, 1.74 0.159
 Student 3.78 2.20, 6.52 0.001 0.62 0.33, 1.17 0.048
     Model 2: incident b
Recurrence of incident
 Once 1.00    1.00   
 Multiple times 0.85 0.60, 1.18 0.086 0.96 0.66, 1.37 0.200
Place of incident
 Client or common home 1.00    1.00   
 Perpetrator’s home 2.61 1.63, 4.20 0.001 2.30 1.40, 3.79 0.002
 At an institution 9.86 6.69, 14.54 0.001 5.48 3.58, 8.39 0.001
 Outdoors 3.41 2.32, 5.02 0.001 2.00 1.32, 3.03 0.002
     Model 3: perpetrator b
Number of perpetrators
 1 1.00    1.00   
 2+ 1.46 0.79, 2.70 0.063 0.41 0.20, 0.85 0.013
 Unknown 0.79 0.40, 1.58 0.102 0.36 0.15, 0.87 0.016
Sex of perpetrator
 Female/Both 1.00    1.00   
 Male 10.62 2.62, 43.00 0.001 39.44 9.47, 164.20 0.001
Age of perpetrator
 Under 26 1.00    1.00   
 26–40 0.37 0.24, 0.56 0.001 0.89 0.52, 1.52 0.175
 Over 40 0.37 0.24, 0.59 0.001 0.94 0.53, 1.69 0.202
 Unknown 0.29 0.13, 0.63 0.002 0.24 0.09, 0.62 0.003
Relationship to perpetrator
 Intimate partner 1.00    1.00   
 Family member 2.95 1.80, 4.82 0.001 1.96 1.09, 3.51 0.017
 No relation 12.42 8.95, 17.22 0.001 14.83 9.77, 22.51 0.001
 Unknown 3.71 1.28, 10.69 0.006 29.23 6.79, 125.91 0.001
  1. Note: OR Odds ratio AOR Adjusted odds ratio, IDP Internally displaced person
  2. a adjusted for all listed sociodemographic characteristics
  3. b adjusted for age and marital and residency status