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Table 1 Sample Characteristics

From: A qualitative study on resilience in adult refugees in Germany

Gender Female Male  
24 30
Age 18–24 25–29 30–34 35–39 40–44 45–49 50–55
11 13 12 5 5 3 5
Country of origin Syria Afghanistan;Afghanistan/Iran Iran Pakistan Palestine Libya Sudan
36 9 4 2 1 1 1
Level of Education No secondaryeducation Secondaryeducation Started university in the country of origin University-educated Young and currently in secondary education Unknown  
5 3 9 28 3 6
Residence in Germany Berlin, Berlin Leipzig, Saxony Mülheim an der Ruhr, Duisburg, or Dinslaken, North Rhine-Westphalia  
39 4 11
Year of arrival in Germany 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018  
1 1 34 11 6 1
Legal status Refugee or asylum status Subsidiary protection or deportation ban Unresolved Humanitarian program Family reunification Visa sponsorship Unknown
25 10 11 1 3 1 3
Housing Private Housing facility Unknown  
30 15 9
Occupation Gainfully employed In education None reported   
13 11 30
  1. Gender, age, country of origin, residence in Germany, year of arrival in Germany, legal status, and housing situation were directly ascertained (although housing situation and legal status were sometimes not entirely clear or unclear). Level of education and occupation were interpreted based on interview content. The "Unresolved" legal status category includes those waiting for the outcome of their appeal