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Table 2 Association between individual characteristics and normal weight and overweight among studied population

From: Gender difference in determinant factors of being overweight among the 40–70-year-old population of Kharameh cohort study, Iran

Variable Gender Sub-group Number of subjects (%) Normal weight (%) Overweight (%)
Age group Men 40–49 1988 (49.8) 1148 (51.1) 840 (48.3)
50–59 1441 (36.1) 791 (35.2) 648 (37.3)
≥60 559 (14.0) 309 (13.7) 250 (14.4)
1p-value   0.229
Women 40–49 1659 (39.2) 632 (40.1) 1026 (38.7)
50–59 1504 (35.6) 563 (35.7) 940 (35.5)
≥60 1066 (25.2) 383 (24.3) 683 (25.8)
1p-value   0.51
Total 40–49 3647 (44.4) 1780 (46.5) 1866 (42.5)
50–59 2945 (35.8) 1354 (35.4) 1588 (36.2)
≥60 1625 (19.8) 692 (18.1) 933 (21.3)
1p-value   <  0.001
SES Men Low 801 (20.1) 522 (23.2) 279 (16.0)
Lower-middle 874 (21.9) 535 (23.8) 338 (19.4)
Upper-middle 840 (21.0) 474 (21.1) 366 (21.0)
High 1477 (37.0) 718 (31.9) 758 (43.5)
1p-value   <  0.001
Women Low 1261 (29.8) 535 (33.9) 725 (27.4)
Lower-middle 1383 (32.7) 531 (33.6) 852 (32.2)
Upper-middle 1078 (25.5) 373 (23.6) 704 (26.6)
High 508 (12.0) 140 (8.9) 368 (13.9)
1p-value   <  0.001
Total Low 2062 (25.1) 1057 (27.6) 1004 (22.9)
Lower-middle 2257 (27.5) 1066 (27.8) 1190 (27.1)
Upper-middle 1918 (23.3) 847 (22.1) 1070 (24.4)
High 1985 (24.1) 858 (22.4) 1126 (25.6)
1p-value   <  0.001
Employment status Men Employed 3402 (85.2) 1925 (85.6) 1477 (84.8)
Unemployed 590 (14.8) 324 (14.4) 264 (15.2)
1P-value   0.266
Women Employed 1141 (27.0) 472 (29.9) 1980 (74.7)
Unemployed 3089 (73.0) 1107 (70.1) 669 (25.3)
1p-value   0.001
Total Employed 4543 (55.3) 2397 (62.6) 2146 (48.9)
Unemployed 3679 (44.7) 1431 (37.4) 2244 (51.1)
1p-value   <  0.001
Marital status Men Single 21 (0.5) 11 (0.5) 9 (0.5)
Married 3940 (98.7) 2217 (98.6) 1722 (98.9)
Widowed/divorced 31 (0.8) 21 (0.9) 10 (0.6)
1p-value   0.437
Women Single 116 (2.7) 63 (4.0) 53 (2.0)
Married 3445 (81.4) 1241 (78.6) 2202 (83.1)
Widowed/divorced 669 (15.8) 275 (17.4) 394 (14.9)
1p-value   <  0.001
Total Single 137 (1.7) 74 (1.9) 62 (1.4)
Married 7385 (89.8) 3458 (90.3) 3924 (89.4)
Widowed/divorced 700 (8.5) 296 (7.7) 404 (9.2)
1p-value   0.013
Education level Men Illiterate 843 (21.1) 515 (22.9) 328 (18.8)
Under diploma 1610 (40.3) 915 (40.7) 694 (39.9)
high school diploma 1178 (29.5) 651 (28.9) 526 (30.2)
University degree 361 (9.0) 168 (7.5) 193 (11.1)
1P-value   <  0.001
Women Illiterate 1747 (41.3) 767 (48.6) 979 (37.0)
Under diploma 1865 (44.1) 619 (39.2) 1246 (47.0)
high school diploma 494 (11.7) 153 (9.7) 340 (12.8)
University degree 124 (2.9) 40 (2.5) 84 (3.2)
1p-value   <  0.001
Total Illiterate 2590 (31.5) 1282 (33.5) 1307 (29.8)
Under diploma 3475 (42.3) 1534 (40.1) 1940 (44.2)
high school diploma 1672 (20.3) 804 (21.0) 866 (19.7)
University degree 485 (5.9) 208 (5.4) 277 (6.3)
1p-value   <  0.001
Physical activity Men Light 1178 (29.5) 617 (27.4) 559 (32.1)
Moderate 650 (16.3) 322 (14.3) 328 (18.8)
High 577 (14.5) 314 (14.0) 263 (15.1)
Intensive 1587 (39.8) 996 (44.3) 591 (33.9)
1p-value   <  0.001
Women Light 836 (19.8) 286 (18.1) 549 (20.7)
Moderate 1349 (31.9) 480 (30.4) 868 (32.8)
High 1444 (34.1) 571 (36.2) 873 (33.0)
Intensive 601 (14.2) 242 (15.3) 359 (13.6)
1p-value   0.016
Total Light 2014 (24.5)) 903 (23.6) 1108 (25.2)
Moderate 1999 (24.3) 802 (21.0) 1196 (27.2)
High 2021 (24.6) 885 (23.1) 1136 (25.9)
Intensive 2188 (26.6) 1238 (32.3) 950 (21.6)
1p-value   <  0.001
History of alcohol drinking Men Yes 458 (11.5) 266 (11.8) 191 (11.0)
No 3534 (88.5) 1983 (88.2) 1550 (89.0)
1p-value   0.214
Women Yes 6 (0.1) 3 (0.2) 3 (0.1)
No 4224 (99.9) 1576 (99.8) 2646 (99.9)
1p-value   0.401
Total Yes 464 (5.6) 269 (7.0) 194 (4.4)
No 7758 (94.4) 3559 (93.0) 4196 (95.6)
1P-value   < 0.001
History of cigarette smoking Men Yes 2067 (51.8) 1277 (56.8) 789 (45.3)
No 1925 (48.2) 972 (43.2) 952 (54.7)
p-value   < 0.001
Women Yes 146 (3.5) 74 (4.7) 72 (2.7)
No 4084 (96.5) 1505 (95.3) 2577 (97.3)
1p-value   0.001
Total Yes 2213 (26.9) 1351 (35.3) 861 (19.6)
No 6009 (73.1) 2477 (64.7) 3529 (80.4)
1p-value   < 0.001
History of hookah smoking Men Yes 384 (9.6) 193 (8.6) 190 (10.9)
No 3608 (90.4) 2056 (91.4) 1551 (89.1)
1p-value   0.008
Women Yes 58 (1.4) 22 (1.4) 35 (1.3)
No 4172 (98.6) 1557 (98.6) 2614 (98.7)
p-value   0.472
Total Yes 442 (5.4) 215 (5.6) 225 (5.1)
No 7780 (94.6) 3613 (94.4) 4165 (94.9)
1p-value   0.324
Calorie intake* Men 3431.00 ± 1087.81 3421.85 ± 1072.11 3424.06 ± 1106.64
2p-value   0.815
Women   3126.73 ± 1002.43 3053.18 ± 980.16 3148.93 ± 1011.13
2p-value   0.003
Total   3261.38 ± 1051.94 3269.76 ± 1050.84 3257.52 ± 1058.32
2p-value   0.599
  1. All data is reported as frequency (%), except calorie intake which is reported as Mean (±Standard Deviation)
  2. 1Chi-square test was used
  3. 2T test was used