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Table 2 Associations between sociodemographic factors, changes in routines, and positive/negative impact on work/private life

From: Impact of the COVID-19 crisis on work and private life, mental well-being and self-rated health in German and Swiss employees: a cross-sectional online survey

  Work life worsened Work life improved Private life worsened Private life improved
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Gender
 Female (Ref.)         
 Male 0.91 0.78–1.07 0.93 0.78–1.09 1.05 0.90–1.22 0.86 0.73–1.02
Nationality
 Germany (Ref.)         
 Switzerland 0.87 0.72–1.05 1.15 0.95–1.40 0.86 0.71–1.03 1.13 0.93–1.37
Age
 18–30 (Ref.)         
 31–40 0.93 0.69–1.26 1.04 0.76–1.41 0.76 0.56–1.02 0.93 0.69–1.27
 41–50 1.08 0.80–1.45 0.96 0.71–1.30 0.77 0.57–1.03 0.88 0.65–1.20
 51–60 1.23 0.92–1.64 0.71* 0.52–0.95 0.76 0.57–1.00 0.80 0.59–1.07
 61–65 1.55* 1.09–2.2 0.51** 0.35–0.74 0.58** 0.41–0.82 0.77 0.53–1.10
Living situation
 Alone (Ref.)         
 Fam./part./shared 0.89 0.74–1.07 1.08 0.9–1.31 0.41*** 0.34–0.49 1.74*** 1.44–2.11
Change to contract
 No change (Ref.)         
 Short-timea 3.45*** 2.66–4.47 0.68** 0.52–0.89 1.22 0.95–1.58 1.32* 1.01–1.72
 Short-time (0)b 9.72*** 6.85–13.86 0.53*** 0.37–0.77 1.06 0.78–1.45 1.57** 1.13–2.18
 Job loss 35.07*** 14.89–90.03 0.40* 0.16–0.92 1.21 0.60–2.44 1.67 0.77–3.56
Home office
 None (Ref.)         
 Experienced 1.18 0.98–1.41 2.59*** 2.14–3.14 1.02 0.85–1.22 1.72*** 1.43–2.08
 New 1.21 0.98–1.50 2.77*** 2.22–3.45 1.07 0.87–1.32 1.41** 1.14–1.76
Working time
 Unchanged (Ref.)         
 Decreased 2.95*** 2.33–3.74 0.61*** 0.48–0.78 0.90 0.72–1.14 0.89 0.70–1.13
 Increased 2.06*** 1.55–2.73 1.32 0.99–1.75 1.13 0.86–1.49 1.08 0.81–1.44
Leisure time
 Unchanged (Ref.)         
 Decreased 1.62*** 1.29–2.03 0.96 0.75–1.21 2.62*** 2.09–3.28 0.85 0.67–1.08
 Increased 1.27* 1.04–1.56 1.91*** 1.54–2.38 1.30* 1.06–1.59 2.25*** 1.82–2.79
Caring duties
 Unchanged (Ref.)         
 Decreased 1.13 0.80–1.57 1.11 0.78–1.57 1.62** 1.19–2.22 1.35 0.96–1.89
 Increased 1.58*** 1.27–1.97 0.96 0.77–1.21 1.39** 1.12–1.72 1.33* 1.07–1.67
  1. Note: N = 2118
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  3. aWork hours partly reduced
  4. bWork hours reduced to 0