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Table 4 Self-reported coping mechanisms and association with reported barriers to accessing health-care during the COVID-19 lockdown

From: Barriers and coping mechanisms to accessing healthcare during the COVID-19 lockdown: a cross-sectional survey among patients with chronic diseases in rural Rwanda

Reported coping mechanisms Overall,
N = 220
Among patients reporting no barrier to accessing health care,
N = 124
Among patients reporting at least 1 barrier to accessing health care,
N = 96
p-value
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Adverse coping mechanisms:
 Stopped treatment, skipped, or delayed treatment 37 (16.8) 14 (11.3) 23 (24.0) 0.018
Positive coping mechanisms
 Went on foot or used other alternative forms of transport to go to the health facility 21 (9.6) 7 (5.7) 14 (14.6) 0.036
 Contacted usual clinician via phone for guidance/to reschedule appointment 15 (6.8) 2 (1.6) 13 (13.5) 0.001
 Delegated son/daughter/neighbour clinician to pick up medication for me 6 (2.7) 0 (0.0) 6 (6.3) 0.006
 Went to a community health worker (CHW) 2 (0.9) 2 (1.6) 0 (0.0) 0.506
 Bought medication from a nearest pharmacy 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.0) 0.436
Used exclusively positive coping mechanisms 40 (18.2) 11 (8.9) 29 (30.2) < 0.001