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Table 1 Respondents’ socio-demographic and patients’ clinical characteristics (N = 220)

From: Barriers and coping mechanisms to accessing healthcare during the COVID-19 lockdown: a cross-sectional survey among patients with chronic diseases in rural Rwanda

Characteristic N %
Survey respondent
 Self 150 68.2
 Caregiver 70 31.8
Patient/respondent’s level of education
 None 48 21.8
 Primary 123 55.9
 Secondary or higher 44 20.0
 Missing data 5 2.3
Patient’s district
 Kayonza 75 34.1
 Kirehe 80 36.4
 Burera 65 29.6
Patient’s gender
 Male 83 37.7
 Female 137 62.3
Patient’s age (years)
  < 5 28 12.7
 5–17 9 4.1
 18–35 34 15.5
 36–59 79 35.9
  > =60 36 16.4
 Missing data 34 15.5
Patient’s marital status
 Married 81 36.8
 Cohabiting 16 7.3
 Widowed 28 12.7
 Divorced 6 2.7
 Single - adult 33 15.0
 Child 56 25.5
Socio-economic status (Ubudehe category)
 1 38 17.3
 2 82 37.3
 3 98 44.6
 Unknown 2 0.9
Patient’s clinical program
 HIV/AIDS 49 22.3
 Non-communicable Disease (NCD) 50 22.7
 Mental Health (MH) 43 19.6
 Pediatric Development Clinic (PDC) 47 21.4
 Oncology 31 14.1
Patient’s diagnosesa
 HIV/AIDS 50 22.7
 Diabetes type 1 8 3.6
 Diabetes type 2 9 4.1
 Hypertension 47 21.4
 Heart failure 2 0.9
 Asthma 14 6.4
 Cancer 32 14.6
 Mental illnesses 43 19.6
 PDC (Prematurity, low birth weight, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), etc.) 47 21.4
Was the patient prescribed medication to help manage health at home?
 No 49 22.3
 Yes 171 77.7
Estimated time (in hours) from the patient’s home to the health facility of usual health-care
  < 1 h 78 35.4
 1–2 h 100 45.5
  > 2 h 42 19.1
Was the patient living with someone who could help remind the patient to take medication or accompany the patient to the health facility?
 No 49 22.3
 Yes 167 75.9
 Missing data 4 1.8
  1. aIt was possible for one patient to have multiple diagnoses