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Table 3 Odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia according to the presence of binge drinking among participants consuming more than 7 drinks per week (n = 39,936)

From: Association between alcohol consumption status and obesity-related comorbidities in men: data from the 2016 Korean community health survey

Binge drinkinga Model 1b Model 2c Model 3d Model 4e Model 5f
OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value
Obesityg
No (n = 8908) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)    
Yes (n = 31,028) 1.375 (1.28–1.507) < 0.0001 1.420 (1.426–1.609) < 0.0001 1.421 (1.31–1.508) < 0.0001 1.424 (1.315–1.538) < 0.0001   
Hypertension
No (n = 8908) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
Yes (n = 31,028) 1.991 (1.144–1.285) < 0.0001 1.207 (1.17–1.321) < 0.0001 1.226 (1.145–1.301) < 0.0001 1.227 (1.146–1.311) < 0.0001 1.133 (1.01–1.201) < 0.0001
Diabetes
No (n = 8908) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
Yes (n = 31,028) 1.272 (1.139–1.462) < 0.0001 1.274 (1.146–1.501) < 0.0001 1.267 (1.141–1.499) < 0.0001 1.256 (1.115–1.421) < 0.0001 1.189 (1.11–1.342) < 0.0001
Dyslipidemia
No (n = 8908) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
Yes (n = 31,028) 1.222 (1.11–1.301) < 0.0001 1.183 (1.147–1.301) < 0.0001 1.179 (1.117–1.299) < 0.0001 1.181 (1.117–1.309) < 0.0001 1.199 (1.089–1.294) < 0.0001
  1. aThe definition of a binge drinking is that the average amount of alcohol consumed per session is more than seven drinks in men. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; BMI, body mass index
  2. bModel 1: adjusted by age
  3. cModel 2: adjusted by age, smoking
  4. dModel 3: adjusted by age, smoking, exercise, and psychiatric problem
  5. eModel 4: adjusted by age, smoking, exercise, psychiatric problem, education level, and income level
  6. fModel 5: adjusted by age, smoking, exercise, psychiatric problem, education level, income level, and BMI
  7. gBody mass index ≥25