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Table 2 Odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia according to alcohol consumption status

From: Association between alcohol consumption status and obesity-related comorbidities in men: data from the 2016 Korean community health survey

Drinks/wk Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c Model 4d Model 5e
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
None 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)  
0 > to 6 1.071 (1.019–1.126) 1.063 (1.011–1.117) 1.061 (1.009–1.116) 1.01 (0.96–1.062)  
7 to < 14 1.404 (1.312–1.503) 1.387 (1.295–1.485) 1.386 (1.294–1.484) 1.326 (1.238–1.421)  
14 to < 28 1.161 (1.094–1.233) 1.149 (1.082–1.221) 1.147 (1.079–1.219) 1.088 (1.023–1.157)  
≥28 1.56 (1.473–1.653) 1.557 (1.468–1.652) 1.556 (1.467–1.651) 1.499 (1.412–1.591)  
None 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
0 > to 6 1.066 (1.005–1.13) 1.064 (1.004–1.128) 1.072 (1.011–1.137) 1.082 (1.02–1.147) 1.079 (1.016–1.146)
7 to < 14 1.36 (1.246–1.484) 1.372 (1.257–1.498) 1.385 (1.268–1.512) 1.394 (1.277–1.523) 1.283 (1.173–1.403)
14 to < 28 1.487 (1.388–1.593) 1.522 (1.419–1.632) 1.539 (1.435–1.651) 1.55 (1.444–1.663) 1.536 (1.43–1.65)
≥28 1.823 (1.701–1.955) 1.897 (1.767–2.063) 1.914 (1.782–2.055) 1.919 (1.787–2.061) 1.76 (1.636–1.894)
None 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
0 > to 6 0.837 (0.778–0.9) 0.825 (0.767–0.888) 0.843 (0.783–0.907) 0.854 (0.793–0.919) 0.848 (0.788–0.913)
7 to < 14 0.935 (0.833–1.049) 0.899 (0.801–1.009) 0.919 (0.819–1.032) 0.931 (0.828–1.045) 0.874 (0.777–0.983)
14 to < 28 0.834 (0.76–0.915) 0.787 (0.716–0.865) 0.807 (0.734–0.888) 0.818 (0.743–0.9) 0.799 (0.726–0.88)
≥28 1.058 (0.966–1.159) 0.987 (0.9–1.084) 1.007 (0.917–1.105) 1.015 (0.924–1.116) 0.945 (0.86–1.039)
None 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
0 > to 6 1.245 (1.164–1.331) 1.229 (1.149–1.315) 1.233 (1.152–1.319) 1.164 (1.088–1.246) 1.165 (1.087–1.248)
7 to < 14 1.428 (1.294–1.575) 1.39 (1.26–1.534) 1.397 (1.266–1.543) 1.327 (1.201–1.465) 1.24 (1.121–1.371)
14 to < 28 1.354 (1.249–1.468) 1.313 (1.21–1.425) 1.32 (1.216–1.433) 1.242 (1.143–1.349) 1.222 (1.125–1.328)
≥28 1.577 (1.457–1.707) 1.534 (1.414–1.663) 1.544 (1.423–1.675) 1.474 (1.357–1.6) 1.356 (1.247–1.474)
  1. aModel 1: adjusted by age
  2. bModel 2: adjusted by age, smoking
  3. cModel 3: adjusted by age, smoking, exercise, and psychiatric problem
  4. dModel 4: adjusted by age, smoking, exercise, psychiatric problem, education level, and income level
  5. eModel 5: adjusted by age, smoking, exercise, psychiatric problem, education level, income level, and BMI
  6. fBody mass index ≥25