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Table 4 The association between workplace social capital and depression in women

From: Effect modification by workplace social capital on the association between depression and workplace and family stress: the Japanese civil servant study

   Age-adjusted ORs Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Prevalence of depression(%) (95%CI) Work life condition
(95%CI)
Job stress
(95%CI)
Work–life balance
(95%CI)
Physical health
(95%CI)
Full adjusted
(95%CI)
Workplace social capital
 High 24.0 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low 53.3 3.80(2.83–5.11) 3.69(2.73–4.99) 2.85(2.06–3.94) 3.39(2.47–4.65) 3.38(2.73–4.96) 2.46(1.74–3.49)
Age
 20–29 36.4 1.84(1.26–2.70) 1.57(0.93–2.67) 2.64(1.73–4.04) 3.95(2.50–6.22) 2.77(1.80–4.27) 3.33 (1.80–6.15)
 30–39 33.2 1.60(1.09–2.35) 1.45(0.90–2.33) 1.80(1.19–2.73) 1.95(1.27–2.98) 2.01(1.32–3.07) 1.99 (1.16–3.41)
 40–49 26.5 1.16(0.78–1.74) 1.25(0.80–1.96) 1.36(0.88–2.09) 1.15(0.74–1.79) 1.46(0.95–2.25) 1.32 (0.80–2.18)
 50–59 23.7 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Marital status
 Married 24.8 1.00 1.00     1.00
 Unmarried 37.6 1.67(1.23–2.27) 1.36(0.98–1.89)     2.54 (1.71–3.76)
Job position
 Low grade 31.3 1.41(0.55–3.60) 1.16(0.43–3.11)     1.02 (0.36–2.91)
 Middle grade 27.6 1.65(0.62–4.37) 1.33(0.48–3.67)     1.28(0.44–3.74)
 High grade 18.2 1.00 1.00     1.00
Work hours
 < 9 h 25.0 1.00 1.00     1.00
 9-11 h 35.3 1.62(1.23–2.13) 1.47(1.10–1.98)     1.11(0.79–1.57)
 >11 h 46.2 2.41(1.58–3.69) 2.15(1.37–3.37)     1.33(0.80–2.22)
Shift work
 Yes 36.1 1.51(1.17–1.96) 1.34(1.01–1.77)     1.07(0.78–1.47)
 No 26.1 1.00 1.00     1.00
Control at work
 Low 37.5 2.00(1.44–2.77)   1.58(1.10–2.26)    1.45(0.98–2.14)
 Intermediate 30.6 1.44(1.04–2.00)   1.29(0.91–1.82)    1.03(0.71–1.49)
 High 23.0 1.00   1.00    1.00
Demand at work
 Low 19.2 1.00   1.00    1.00
 Intermediate 31.0 1.88(1.32–2.70)   2.20(1.50–3.22)    1.37(0.89–2.10)
 High 37.9 2.63(1.88–3.69)   2.82(1.97–4.03)    1.49(0.97–2.30)
Support at work
 Low 40.7 3.24(2.27–4.61)   2.05(1.37–3.06)    1.97(1.29–3.02)
 Intermediate 35.7 2.29(1.69–3.10)   1.83(1.33–2.51)    1.89(1.34–2.66)
 High 21.2 1.00   1.00    1.00
Family–to–work conflict
 Low 23.0 1.00    1.00   1.00
 Intermediate 22.1 1.01(0.64–1.60)    0.76(0.46–1.25)   0.81(0.48–1.36)
 High 40.2 2.89(2.15–3.89)    2.01(1.44–2.79)   2.92(2.00–4.27)
Work–to–family conflict
 Low 10.9 1.00    1.00   1.00
 Intermediate 26.0 3.20(2.05–5.02)    2.58(1.62–4.12)   2.38(1.46–3.906)
 High 45.5 8.55(5.52–13.23)    6.03(3.80–9.58)   4.82(2.89–8.04)
Sleep hours
 <6 h 43.5 2.23(1.65–3.02)     2.01(1.47–2.75) 1.60(1.13–2.27)
 6-8 h 27.0 1.00     1.00 1.00
9 h 40.0 1.60(0.44–5.78)     1.52(0.40–5.75) 1.40(0.33–5.91)
Longstanding illness
 Yes 33.3 1.47(1.08–2.00)     1.50(1.08–2.08) 1.28(0.90–1.83)
 No 29.6 1.00     1.00 1.00
  1. Model 1 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, and work life condition (marital status, job position, work hours, shift work)
  2. Model 2 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, and job stress (control at work, demand at work, support at work)
  3. Model 3 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, and work–life balance (family–to–work conflict, work–to–family conflict)
  4. Model 4 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, and physical health (sleep hours, longstanding illness)
  5. Model 5 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, work life condition, job stress, work–life balance, and physical health