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Table 3 The association between workplace social capital and depression in men

From: Effect modification by workplace social capital on the association between depression and workplace and family stress: the Japanese civil servant study

   Age-adjusted ORs Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Prevalence of depression(%) (95%CI) Work life condition
(95%CI)
Job stress
(95%CI)
Work–life balance
(95%CI)
Physical health
(95%CI)
Full adjusted
(95%CI)
Workplace social capital
 High 17.6 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low 47.3 4.14(3.25–5.38) 4.11(3.18–5.33) 3.39(2.58–4.46) 3.42(2.60–4.49) 4.12(3.18–5.33) 2.93(2.16–3.98)
Age
 20–29 20.9 0.94(0.63–1.42) 0.40(0.24–0.68) 0.99(0.63–1.55) 1.54(0.96–2.45) 1.20(0.77–1.87) 0.85 (0.46–1.57)
 30–39 23.8 1.12(0.82–1.53) 0.68(0.45–1.02) 1.04(0.74–1.46) 0.88(0.62–1.24) 1.29(0.91–1.84) 0.83 (0.52–1.32)
 40–49 24.2 1.14(0.88–1.46) 0.81(0.59–1.09) 0.96(0.74–1.27) 0.85(0.63–1.13) 1.11(0.84–1.46) 0.78 (0.55–1.11)
 50–59 21.9 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Marital status
 Married 21.2 1.00 1.00     1.00
 Unmarried 30.3 1.92(1.44–2.56) 1.93(1.43–2.62)     2.98 (2.09–4.24)
Job position
 Low grade 25.2 1.73(1.19–2.51) 1.40(0.94–2.09)     1.01 (0.64–1.59)
 Middle grade 21.3 1.24(0.86–1.81) 1.14(0.77–1.68)     0.86(0.56–1.32)
 High grade 18.3 1.00 1.00     1.00
Work hours
 < 9 h 20.3 1.00 1.00     1.00
 9-11 h 25.2 1.33(1.03–1.71) 1.46(1.11–1.91)     0.96(0.70–1.32)
 >11 h 36.7 2.33(1.62–3.34) 2.63(1.79–3.87)     1.43(0.89–2.29)
Shift work
 Yes 28.5 1.38(0.95–2.00) 1.47(0.99–2.19)     1.14(0.73–1.77)
 No 22.5 1.00 1.00     1.00
Control at work
 Low 35.3 3.17(2.41–4.16)   2.90(2.17–3.88)    2.58(1.87–3.58)
 Intermediate 23.5 1.78(1.35–2.35)   1.86(1.40–2.48)    1.60(1.17–2.19)
 High 14.7 1.00   1.00    1.00
Demand at work
 Low 15.6 1.00   1.00    1.00
 Intermediate 23.4 1.64(1.24–2.18)   1.82(1.35–2.45)    1.35(0.96–1.90)
 High 30.3 2.33(1.77–3.08)   2.43(1.81–3.27)    1.15(0.80–1.66)
Support at work
 Low 30.9 2.05(1.55–2.73)   1.19(0.86–1.6)    1.09(0.76–1.54)
 Intermediate 21.4 1.23(0.94–1.62)   1.05(0.78–1.40)    1.03(0.75–1.41)
 High 18.6 1.00   1.00    1.00
Family–to–work conflict
 Low 11.7 1.00    1.00   1.00
 Intermediate 17.9 1.70(1.18–2.46)    1.22(0.83–1.80)   1.34(0.89–2.02)
 High 39.4 5.16(3.97–6.71)    2.95(2.21–3.93)   3.38(2.47–4.61)
Work–to–family conflict
 Low 8.6 1.00    1.00   1.00
 Intermediate 19.6 2.70(1.91–3.81)    2.08(1.45–3.00)   1.98(1.35–2.92)
 High 41.8 8.15(5.81–11.43)    4.81(3.33–6.94)   4.51(2.96–6.86)
Sleep hours
 <6 h 39.6 2.63(2.01–3.45)     2.69(2.02–3.58) 1.76(1.27–2.44)
 6-8 h 19.9 1.00     1.00 1.00
9 h 35.7 2.24(0.74–6.74)     1.93(0.60–6.21) 1.65(0.44–6.12)
Longstanding illness
 Yes 28.7 1.81(1.43–2.29)     1.79(1.40–2.29) 1.55(1.18–2.05)
 No 19.7 1.00     1.00 1.00
  1. Model 1 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, and work life condition (marital status, job position, work hours, shift work)
  2. Model 2 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, and job stress (control at work, demand at work, support at work)
  3. Model 3 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, and work–life balance (family–to–work conflict, work–to–family conflict)
  4. Model 4 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, and physical health (sleep hours, longstanding illness)
  5. Model 5 is adjusted for age, workplace social capital, work life condition, job stress, work–life balance, and physical health