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Table 1 Characteristics of subjects by gender

From: Effect modification by workplace social capital on the association between depression and workplace and family stress: the Japanese civil servant study

  Men(n = 1867) Women(n = 1148) χ2p-value
% %  
Age    < 0.001
 20–29 9.2 26.8  
 30–39 17.3 28.3  
 40–49 36.8 25.0  
 50–59 36.7 19.9  
Marital status    < 0.001
 Married 80.2 55.7  
 Unmarried 19.8 44.3  
Job position    < 0.001
 Low grade 56.0 86.4  
 Middle grade 26.4 10.7  
 High grade 17.6 2.9  
Work hours    < 0.001
 < 9 h 65.1 56.2  
 9-11 h 26.4 34.6  
 >11 h 8.5 9.2  
Shift work    < 0.001
 Yes 8.1 43.9  
 No 91.9 56.1  
Control at work    < 0.001
 Low 26.6 33.0  
 Intermediate 32.1 35.9  
 High 41.3 31.1  
Demand at work    < 0.001
 Low 34.3 28.1  
 Intermediate 33.2 30.9  
 High 32.5 40.9  
Support at work    < 0.001
 Low 27.2 21.4  
 Intermediate 37.9 35.1  
 High 34.9 43.5  
Family–to–work conflict   < 0.001
 Low 47.2 43.6  
 Intermediate 15.5 12.2  
 High 37.2 44.3  
Work–to–family conflict   < 0.001
 Low 32.2 24.0  
 Intermediate 36.6 34.5  
 High 31.1 41.6  
Sleep hours    < 0.001
 <6 h 15.2 20.6  
 6-8 h 84.1 78.5  
9 h 0.7 0.9  
Longstanding illness    < 0.001
 Yes 36.5 24.0  
 No 63.5 76.0  
Workplace social capital    0.005
 High 82.0 77.8  
 Low 18.0 22.2  
Depression    < 0.001
 Yes 23.0 30.5  
 No 77.0 69.5