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Table 2 Study dimensions, main variables, and measurement instruments

From: The Regeneración Urbana, Calidad de Vida y Salud - RUCAS project: a Chilean multi-methods study to evaluate the impact of urban regeneration on resident health and wellbeing

Variable RUCAS survey RUCAS IDO tool Hygro-chrons Systematic observation Interviews SEREMI-ERU a
Dwelling habitability, uses and perceptions
 Dwelling intervention status (insulation, improvement of roofs, renovation of utilities, and expansion)   X     X
 Intra-domiciliary temperature and humidity (objective and perceived) X   X    
 Leaks and dwelling maintenance (state of conservation of walls, ceilings, and floor) X X     
 Bedrooms per dwelling, overcrowding (residents per bedroom [49] and insufficiency of bedrooms [50]) and presence of illegal self-built expansions X X     
 Mold (observed and smelled) X X     
 Family relationships related to the use of dwelling X      
 Satisfaction with housing (amount of space, insulation of exterior noises, temperature, natural light availability). Experiences related to dwelling X     X  
 Dwelling ventilation, cleanliness, and trash removal. Indoor heating and cooking fuels X X     
 Floor (story) and orientation of the main façade (North, South, East, West)       X
Built environment
 Neighborhood and community intervention status (recreational areas, equipment and sport facilities, improved lightning, streets, and sidewalks)     X   X
 Violence and incivilities in the neighborhood [51] X    X   
 Perceived neighborhood security (informant perceptions in several situations at the neighborhood) X      
Neighborhood social relations
 Community intervention status (participatory diagnoses, neighborhood organization and community centers). Perceptions about the intervention.      X X
 Social capital and social cohesion between neighbors (trust, reciprocity, and conflicts) X      
 Satisfaction with the neighborhood. Villas’ history and perceptions about changes X     X  
Health-related behaviors
 Alcohol and drug use in recreational areas (number of visitors using drugs or consuming alcohol)     X   
 Use of recreational areas: Number of courts and parks visitors by physical activity level (MB only), and courts and park visits (days a week) X    X   
 Outdoor time, physical activity (GPAQ [52]), sedentary behavior for adults (GPAQ) and screen-time for children [53] X      
 Active and passive smoking. Problematic alcohol consumption (AUDIT-dimension 1 [54]). Consumption of vegetables and sugar-sweetened beverages. Daily mobility and active transport X      
 Self-rated general health (7 points scale) X      
 Respiratory health (acute respiratory conditions, inhaler requirement, emergency department visits and hospitalizations) X      
 Gastrointestinal health (acute gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting, diarrhea), emergency department visits and hospitalizations X      
 Sleep complaints (frequency of problems falling asleep, sleep disruption and daytime sleepiness) X      
 Mental health (GHQ-12 [55, 56] for the informant and PHQ-2 [57] for other householders over 15) X      
 Nutritional status. Medically diagnosed non-communicable diseases. Infant development (items from Parent’s Evaluation of Developmental Status, PEDS [58]) and school repetency. Disability and limitations to activities of daily living (items taken from the Barthel index) [59] X      
Sociodemographics and socioeconomic status
 Gender and age X      
 Education and socioeconomic status (individual and household) X      
 Work and employment: labor force status, occupation, and employment precariousness (EPRES [60]) X      
  1. aInformation is provided by the professionals from the ministry of housing in Viña del Mar (SEREMI) and Santiago de Chile (ERU)