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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for each covariate by quartile of Gender Inequality Index (GII)a

From: Association of source country gender inequality with experiencing assault and poor mental health among young female immigrants to Ontario, Canada

  Total Person Years GII Q1
(N = 64,089)
GII Q2
(N = 38,778)
GII Q3
(N = 77,482)
GII Q4
(N = 118,879)
N % N % N % N %
Age at immigration (years)
 6–9 217,151.2 5799 9.0 4115 10.6 7718 10.0 11,745 9.9
 10–13 305,325.4 5824 9.1 3988 10.3 10,263 13.2 11,806 9.9
 14–17 336,155.5 6544 10.2 4137 10.7 11,106 14.3 11,547 9.7
 18–21 428,999.5 6607 10.3 5387 13.9 12,246 15.8 17,279 14.5
 22–25 686,966.7 14,994 23.4 9184 23.7 15,011 19.4 29,994 25.2
 26–29 885,133.3 24,321 37.9 11,967 30.9 21,138 27.3 36,508 30.7
Immigrant Status
 Economic Class 1,149,898 31,326 48.9 13,788 35.6 33,902 43.8 46,086 38.8
 Family Class 1,300,666.0 28,391 44.3 20,289 52.3 32,173 41.5 48,077 40.4
 Refugee 409,167.5 4372 6.8 4701 12.1 11,407 14.7 24,716 20.8
Income Quintile
 Income Quintile 1 (Lowest) 1,086,293.8 17,730 27.6 13,874 35.8 30,617 39.5 51,669 43.4
 Income Quintile 2 682,299.9 17,171 26.8 8452 21.8 17,996 23.2 27,107 22.8
 Income Quintile 3 493,501.4 11,165 17.4 6517 16.8 13,128 16.9 20,394 17.2
 Income Quintile 4 362,063.4 9758 15.2 5638 14.5 9446 12.2 13,102 11.0
 Income Quintile 5 (Highest) 235,573.0 8265 12.9 4297 11.1 6295 8.1 6607 5.6
Immigration Period
 2003–2005 1,043,228.0 17,719 27.6 9932 25.6 17,339 22.4 30,533 25.7
 2006–2008 801,849.2 16,180 25.2 9383 24.2 19,571 25.3 25,299 21.3
 2009–2011 525,019.5 12,122 18.9 7881 20.3 17,441 22.5 23,299 19.6
 2012–2014 325,091.6 10,558 16.5 7190 18.5 12,333 15.9 22,124 18.6
 2015–2017 164,543.2 7510 11.7 4392 11.3 10,798 13.9 17,624 14.8
Region of Birth
 East Asia and Pacific 746,448.7 44,884 70.0 5592 14.4 28,210 36.4 45 0
 Europe and Central Asia 320,881.3 13,836 21.6 15,461 39.9 1817 2.3 141 0.1
 Latin America and the Caribbean 315,510.1 0 0 7920 20.4 22,539 29.1 1717 1.4
 Middle East and North Africa 329,639.2 2749 4.3 3976 10.3 12,930 16.7 18,441 15.5
 North America 67,242.8 2620 4.1 5231 13.5 0 0 0 0
 South Asia 889,515.9 0 0 0 0 10,514 13.6 79,814 67.1
 Sub-Saharan Africa 190,493.5 0 0 598 1.5 1472 1.9 18,721 15.7
Gross National Income (GNI) Categorization
 Low-income economies 706,343.2 0 0 2755 7.1 3414 4.4 55,222 46.5
 Lower-middle-income economies 1,362,576 22,101 34.5 11,344 29.3 56,206 72.5 55,147 46.4
 Upper-middle-income economies 467,041.2 18,730 29.2 14,754 38.0 17,707 22.9 5661 4.8
 High-income economies 323,771.6 23,258 36.3 9925 25.6 155 0.2 2849 2.4
Marital Status (Immigrants age 18–29 at immigration)
 Married 690,963.9 18,871 41.1 8304 31.3 22,981 47.5 24,554 29.3
 Separated/widowed/divorced 12,592.48 139 0.3 253 1.0 302 0.6 559 0.7
 Single 1,297,079.0 26,902 58.6 17,970 67.7 25,091 51.8 58,611 70.0
Education (Immigrants age 18–29 at immigration)
 Bachelors or higher 762,473.4 17,755 38.7 9263 34.9 15,221 31.5 37,165 44.4
 Postgraduate less than Bachelors 388,378.9 12,661 27.6 5758 21.7 9985 20.6 10,277 12.3
 Secondary or less 837,774.9 14,610 31.8 11,178 42.1 22,830 47.2 34,871 41.6
  1. Legend: aTable 1 uses full sample before stratified random sampling is applied