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Table 2 Knowledge of tuberculosis, mode of transmission and suggested preventive measures (prospective participants)

From: Knowledge about tuberculosis, treatment adherence and outcome among ambulatory patients with drug-sensitive tuberculosis in two directly-observed treatment centres in Southwest Nigeria

Variables Frequency Percent
Can tuberculosis be cured? (n = 140)
 Yes 137 97.9
 No 1 0.7
 Do not know 2 1.4
If yes, the source of information (n = 137)
 Nurses 42 30.7
 Physician 34 24.8
 Family and friends 22 16.1
 Self-belief 21 15.3
 Internet 11 8.0
 Media (radio) 4 2.9
 Education background 3 2.2
Can tuberculosis be transmitted? (n = 140)
 Yes 128 91.4
 No 5 3.6
 Do not know 7 5.0
If yes, summary of common modes of TB transmission (n = 232)*
 Coughing without covering the mouth 107 46.1
 Sharing of cutleries, plates, cups etc. 46 19.8
 Indiscriminate/careless spitting 23 9.9
 Overcrowding 21 9.1
 Through the air 20 8.6
 Kissing 13 5.6
 Singing, sneezing 1 0.4
 Others e.g. sexual intercourse, use of sharp objects 1 0.4
Suggested measures for prevention of TB transmission (n = 248)*
 Covering mouth when coughing 123 49.6
 Do not share any cutlery 65 26.2
 Always avoid indiscriminate spitting 30 12.1
 Ensuring proper ventilation 13 5.2
 Taking drugs as prescribed 10 4.0
 Observing personal hygiene 4 1.6
 Do not share clothing 2 0.8
 Avoiding sexual intercourse for some period during TB treatment 1 0.4
Knowledge of medications to treat TB infection (n = 140)
 Yes, Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Pyrazinamide and Ethambutol (HRZE) 6 4.3
 Don’t know 134 95.7
  1. *multiple response, TB Tuberculosis, n number