Skip to main content

Table 5 The mean, standard deviation, sample size of NFA average subscale scores and NFC total scores in multinational samples, and the effect size indices of the scores comparisons across cultures

From: Are need for affect and cognition culture dependent? Implications for global public health campaigns: a cross-sectional study

  Two samples being compared Mean ± SD (N) Cohen’s d Hedges’ g SEg 95% CI
Lower limit
95% CI
Upper limit
Approach CA vs. AA .55 ± 1.54 (1186)vs. .91 ± .92 (980) −0.28 − 0.28 0.04 − 0.36 −0.19
CA vs. GAS .55 ± 1.54 (1186)vs. 1.28 ± .96 (1160) −0.57 −0.57 0.04 −0.65 − 0.48
CA vs. GA .55 ± 1.54 (1186)vs. 1.29 ± .92 (627) −0.54 −0.54 0.05 −0.64 − 0.45
CA vs. AC .55 ± 1.54 (1186)vs. 1.15 ± 1.07 (126) −0.40 −0.40 0.09 −0.58 − 0.22
CA vs. UKA .55 ± 1.54 (1186)vs. 1.02 ± 1.0 (236) −0.32 −0.32 0.07 −0.46 − 0.18
AA vs. GAS .91 ± .92 (980) vs. 1.28 ± .96 (1160) −0.39 −0.39 0.04 −0.48 − 0.31
AA vs. GA .91 ± .92 (980) vs. 1.29 ± .92 (627) −0.41 −0.41 0.05 −0.51 − 0.31
AA vs. AC .91 ± .92 (980) vs. 1.15 ± 1.07 (126) −0.26 −0.26 0.09 −0.44 − 0.07
AA vs. UKA .91 ± .92 (980) vs. 1.02 ± 1.0 (236) −0.12 −0.12 0.07 −0.26 0.02
Avoidance CA vs. AA −.05 ± 1.29 (1186) vs. -.91 ± 1.15 (980) 0.70 0.70 0.04 0.61 0.79
CA vs. GAS −.05 ± 1.29 (1186) vs. -1.39 ± 1.12 (1160) 1.11 1.11 0.04 1.02 1.19
CA vs. GA −.05 ± 1.29 (1186) vs. -1.06 ± 1.18 (627) 0.81 0.81 0.05 0.71 0.91
CA vs. AC −.05 ± 1.29 (1186) vs. -1.5 ± 1.07 (126) 1.14 1.14 0.10 0.95 1.33
CA vs. UKA −.05 ± 1.29 (1186) vs. -.55 ± 1.2 (236) 0.39 0.39 0.07 0.25 0.53
AA vs. GAS −.91 ± 1.15 (980) vs. -1.39 ± 1.12 (1160) 0.42 0.42 0.04 0.34 0.51
AA vs. GA −.91 ± 1.15 (980) vs. -1.06 ± 1.18 (627) 0.13 0.13 0.05 0.03 0.23
AA vs. AC −.91 ± 1.15 (980) vs. -1.5 ± 1.07 (126) 0.52 0.52 0.10 0.33 0.70
AA vs. UKA −.91 ± 1.15 (980) vs. -.55 ± 1.2 (236) −0.31 −0.31 0.07 −0.45 −0.17
NFC CA vs. AA 44.90 ± 11.7 (1186) vs. 55.28 ± 11.87 (980) −0.88 − 0.88 0.05 − 0.97 −0.79
  1. Note: CA Chinese adults, AA American adults, GAS German/Austria students, GA German adults, AC Austria couples, UKA UK adults
  2. Sample CA and AA were from the current study, other samples were from Appel et al. [22]