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Table 3 Anthropometric parameters in the offspring in association with maternal body mass index (BMI) status early in pregnancy, derived from both unadjusted and adjusted analyses

From: Higher maternal BMI early in pregnancy is associated with overweight and obesity in young adult offspring in Thailand

  Maternal BMI status
Underweight Normal weight Overweight/obesity
Unadjusted Height (cm) 163.4 (161.3, 165.5) 164.0 (161.8, 166.2) 163.8 (163.1, 164.5)
Weight (kg) 52.6 (46.6, 55.7) 57.2 (56.0, 58.4)†† 66.7 (63.0, 70.3)**** ††††
BMI (kg/m2) 19.4 (18.4, 20.5) 21.2 (20.8, 21.6)†† 24.5 (23.5, 25.7)**** ††††
Adjusted Height (cm) 163.0 (161.6, 164.4) 164.3 (163.8, 164.8) 165.1 (163.6, 166.5)
Weight (kg) 52.3 (49.3, 55.3) 57.0 (56.0, 58.0)†† 66.4 (63.3, 69.6)**** ††††
BMI (kg/m2) 19.4 (18.3, 20.5) 21.2 (20.8, 21.5)†† 24.6 (23.5, 25.8)**** ††††
  1. Data are means and 95% confidence intervals
  2. Underweight, BMI < 18.5 kg/m2; normal weight, 18.5–24.99 kg/m2; and overweight/obesity, ≥25.0 kg/m2
  3. Adjusted models accounted for gestational age, birth order, sex, and age, as well as height for offspring weight, and maternal height for offspring height
  4. ****p < 0.0001 for comparisons to the offspring of mothers of normal weight; ††p < 0.01 and ††††p < 0.0001 for comparisons to the offspring of underweight mothers