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Table 4 Overview bivariate analysis results (1): Mann-Whitney U test: differences between (dichotomous) groups for the General Health Questionnaire (N = 1781)

From: Meaningful activities during COVID-19 lockdown and association with mental health in Belgian adults

  GHQ Mean (SD) Mann-Whitney U Z P
Gender   230,410 −6.909 <.001
 Woman 15.44 (6.80)    
 Men 13.04 (6.55)    
Having children   258,587 −9.364 <.001
 Yes 12.89 (6.58)    
 No 15.84 (6.72)    
Living area   356,404 −2.909 <.05
 Rural 14.44 (6.71)    
 Urban 15.41 (6.92)    
Informal caregiver   123,306 −1.704 .088
 Yes 15.65 (6.90)    
 No 14.77 (6.80)    
Receiving care   81,136 −1.779 .075
 Yes 16.14 (7.40)    
 No 14.77 (6.77)    
Living space   91,852.5 −4.06 <.001
 Balcony/garden 14.62 (6.67)    
 No balcony/garden 17.50 (7.9)    
  1. Higher scores in GHQ means lower mental health