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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the included 75,890 observations in the cross-sectional analysis and the 7020 study participants in the prospective analysis

From: Occupational lifting and risk of hypertension, stratified by use of anti-hypertensives and age - a cross-sectional and prospective cohort study

  Cross-sectional analysis Prospective analysis
Mean SD n (%) Range Mean SD n (%) Range
Age (years) 51.9 9.5   20.1–69.9 49.2 8.4   20.6–69.8
Sex (%female)    41,843 (55.1)     4550 (64.8)  
BMI (kg/m2) 25.9 4.3   14.3–91.8 24.5 3.4   15.4–46.9
Smoking (%current smokers)    12,666 (16.7)     1366 (19.5)  
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 133.2 19.5   70.0–240.0 122.2 10.0   71.0–139.0
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79.4 11.5   22.0–190.0 75.9 7.4   30.0–89.0
Blood pressure ≥ 90/≥140 mmHg    29,261 (38.6)     
Using anti-hypertensives    8961 (11.8)     
Being hypertensive (using anti-hypertensives and/or SBP ≥ 140 mmHg or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg at baseline examination)    32,503 (42.8)     
Being hypertensive (using anti-hypertensives and/or SBP ≥ 130 mmHg or DBP ≥ 80 mmHg at baseline examination)    50,967 (67.2)     3801 (54.1)  
Being hypertensive (using anti-hypertensives and/or SBP ≥ 160 mmHg or DBP ≥ 100 mmHg at baseline examination)    16,137 (21.3)     
School education (years) 11.3 1.7   0.0–14.0 11.2 1.6   1.0–14.0
Occupational physical activity         
Predominantly sedentary    33,397 (44.0)     2884 (41.1)  
Sitting or standing, some walking    24,877 (32.8)     2284 (32.5)  
Walking, some handling of material    14,961 (19.7)     1635 (23.3)  
Heavy manual work    2655 (3.5)     217 (3.1)  
Occupational heavy lifting (%yes)    9652 (33.0)     990 (14.1)  
Leisure-time physical activity         
Inactive/light physical active < 2 h/week    4836 (6.4)     401 (5.7)  
Light physical active 2–4 h/week    30,531 (40.2)     2936 (41.8)  
Light physical active > 4 h/week OR MVPA 2–4 h/week    34,537 (45.5)     3244 (46.2)  
MVPA > 4 h/week    5701 (7.5)     416 (5.9)  
Mental stress (%often feeling nervous or stressed)    20,473 (27.1)     2112 (30.2)