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Table 2 Descriptive measures of mortality rates by years of study and municipalities selected - Brazil (N = 3467)

From: Combination of conditional cash transfer program and environmental health interventions reduces child mortality: an ecological study of Brazilian municipalities

  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Percentage Change 2006-2016
Mortality
 Due to malnutrition 0.53 (2.61) 0.44 (2.52) 0.35 (2.14) 0.36 (2.37) 0.32 (2.38) 0.26 (1.71) 0.28 (2.32) 0.25 (1.85) 0.23 (1.75) 0.25 (1.97) 0.19 (1.43) - 64.15%
 Due to diarrhea 0.12 (1.02) 0.09 (1.02) 0.09 (0.88) 0.07 (0.81) 0.07 (0.75) 0.08 (0.91) 0.07 (0.97) 0.04 (0.52) 0.05 (0.70) 0.07 (1.18) 0.07 (1.11) - 41.66%
Proportion of coverage of the total population by PBF 31.2% (18.6) 31.1% (19.1) 28.2% (18.0) 30.8% (18.5) 31.2% (19.0) 32.4% (20.6) 33.2% (21.2) 32.4% (21.0) 32.1% (21.8) 30.5% (20.6) 29.3% (20.8) - 6.09%
Proportion of coverage of the target population by the PBF 87.2% (15.9) 86.8% (15.2) 83.1% (16.5) 90.8% (12.9) 92.3% (12.3) 93.2% (13.1) 94.4% (12.1) 94.3% (12.7) 91.9% (14.6) 91.7% (15.1) 71.7% (34.0) - 17.77%
Proportion of sanitation coverage 39.3% (29.7) 40.0% (29.7) 40.8% (29.8) 41.5% (30.0) 42.2% (30.3) 43.2% (30.6) 44.3% (30.9) 45.5% (31.2) 46.7% (31.6) 48.0% (31.9) 49.4% (32.3) 25.70%
Proportion of water coverage 87.3% (14.2) 87.2% (14.0) 87.1% (13.9) 87.0% (13.9) 86.9% (14.0) 86.8% (14.1) 86.7% (14.2) 86.6% (14.3) 86.5% (14.5) 86.3% (14.6) 86.2% (14.8) - 1.26%
Proportion of solid waste collection 63.3% (22.3) 64.8% (21.7) 66.2% (21.3) 67.7% (20.9) 69.2% (20.5) 71.0% (20.3) 73.0% (20.1) 74.9% (19.8) 76.8% (19.6) 78.7% (19.2) 80.6% (18.9) 27.33%
Proportion of coverage of the total population by the FHS 72.2% (31.1) 74.9% (29.7) 79.7% (29.1) 80.5% (28.3) 82.0% (27.6) 83.0% (27.1) 83.3% (26.8) 84.3% (25.3) 86.2% (22.8) 88.3% (20.9) 88.5% (20.9) 22.58%
Urbanization rate (%) 62.6% (21.5) 62.9% (21.3) 63.3% (21.1) 63.6% (21.0) 64.0% (20.9) 64.5% (20.8) 65.1% (20.8) 65.7% (20.8) 66.4% (20.8) 67.0% (20.8) 67.7% (20.9) 8.15%
Per capita monthly income in reais (R$)a 353.9 (208.5) 368.2 (218.3) 365.9 (216.9) 357.8 (210.0) 514.4 (259.2) 370.8 (217.8) 369.1 (217.0) 376.2 (222.2) 379.5 (224.1) 396.0 (234.3) 383.0 (226.6) 8.22%
Proportion of literate individuals 71.0% (11.0) 70.9% (10.6) 70.0% (9.9) 68.5% (10.2) 67.0% (10.2) 74.6% (7.0) 73.0% (7.4) 71.4% (7.7) 69.6% (8.1) 67.7% (8.6) 65.6% (9.1) - 7.61%
  1. Data refer to the mean and (standard deviation). For incomea, the median was considered. Causes of mortality in children under 5 years old are defined according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), 10th revision: diarrheal diseases (A00, A01, A02, A03, A04, A06–08) and malnutrition diseases (E40 - E46). Mortality rates are shown in the table for every 10 thousand children up to 5 years old. N Number of municipalities. PBF Bolsa Família Program. FHS Family Health Strategy