Skip to main content

Table 1 Factors associated with triglyceride among the hill tribe aged 30 years and over in univariate and multivariate analyses

From: Factors associated with hypertriglyceridemia among the hill tribe people aged 30 years and over, Thailand: a cross-sectional study

Factors Total
n (%)
Triglyceride OR 95%CI p-value AOR 95%CI p-value
Abnormal
n (%)
Normal
n (%)
Total 2552 (100.0) 1064 (41.7) 1488 (58.3) N/A N/A N/A    
Sex
 Male 870 (34.1) 355 (33.4) 515 (34.6) 1.00      
 Female 1682 (65.9) 709 (66.6) 973 (65.4) 1.06 0.90–1.25 0.513    
Age (years)
 30–39 368 (14.4) 153 (14.4) 215 (14.4) 1.00      
 40–49 619 (24.3) 279 (26.2) 340 (22.8) 1.15 0.89–1.50 0.284    
 50–59 649 (25.4) 260 (24.4) 389 (26.1) 0.94 0.72–1.22 0.637    
 60–69 578 (22.6) 229 (21.5) 349 (23.5) 0.92 0.71–1.20 0.550    
 70–79 271 (10.6) 116 (10.9) 155 (10.4) 1.05 0.77–1.45 0.756    
  ≥ 80 67 (2.6) 27 (2.5) 40 (2.7) 0.95 0.56–1.61 0.845    
Tribe
 Akha 714 (28.0) 289 (27.2) 425 (28.6) 1.00    1.00   
 Lahu 391 (15.3) 199 (18.7) 192 (12.9) 1.52 1.19–1.95 0.001* 1.62 1.25–2.01 < 0.001**
 Hmong 389 (15.2) 195 (18.3) 194 (13.0) 1.48 1.15–1.90 0.002* 1.63 1.23–2.16 0.001**
 Yao 368 (14.4) 130 (12.2) 238 (16.0) 0.83 0.62–1.04 0.100 0.89 0.67–1.20 0.455
 Karen 408 (16.0) 131 (12.3) 277 (18.6) 0.70 0.54–0.90 0.005* 0.81 0.60–1.08 0.154
 Lisu 282 (11.1) 120 (11.3) 162 (10.9) 1.09 0.82–1.44 0.548 1.20 0.88–1.63 0.243
Religion
 Buddhist 1383 (54.2) 554 (52.1) 829 (55.7) 1.00      
 Christ and Muslim 1169 (45.8) 510 (47.9) 659 (44.3) 1.16 1.09–1.36 0.049*    
Education
 No-education 1957 (76.7) 840 (78.9) 1117 (75.1) 1.00      
 Primary school 365 (14.3) 140 (13.2) 225 (15.1) 0.83 0.66–1.04 0.105    
 Secondary school 189 (7.4) 75 (7.0) 114 (7.7) 0.88 0.65–1.12 0.390    
 High school and higher 41 (1.6) 9 (0.8) 32 (2.2) 0.37 0.18–0.79 0.010*    
Occupation
 Unemployed 628 (24.6) 252 (23.7) 376 (25.3) 0.93 0.74–1.15 0.492    
 Agriculturist 1243 (48.7) 526 (49.4) 717 (48.2) 1.01 0.84–1.22 0.892    
 Other 681 (26.7) 286 (26.9) 395 (26.5) 1.00      
Annual income (baht)
  ≤ 50,000 1816 (71.2) 769 (72.3) 1047 (70.4) 1.00      
 50,001-100,000 527 (20.7) 211 (19.8) 316 (21.2) 0.91 0.75–1.12 0.344    
  ≥ 100,001 209 (8.2) 84 (7.9) 125 (8.4) 0.92 0.68–1.23 0.550    
Marital status
 Single 138 (5.4) 63 (5.9) 75 (5.0) 1.00      
 Married 2039 (79.9) 856 (80.5) 1183 (79.5) 0.86 0.61–1.22 0.398    
 Other 375 (14.7) 145 (13.6) 230 (15.5) 0.75 0.51–1.11 0.154    
Stress (ST-5)
 Low 2076 (81.3) 867 (81.5) 1209 (81.3) 1.00      
 Moderate 399 (15.6) 165 (15.5) 234 (15.7) 0.98 0.79–1.22 0.879    
 High 77 (3.0) 32 (3.0) 45 (3.0) 0.99 0.63–1.57 0.971    
Depression
 No 2245 (88.0) 937 (88.1) 1308 (87.9) 1.00      
 Yes 307 (12.0) 127 (11.9) 180 (12.1) 1.01 0.77–1.30 0.902    
Exercise
 No 1551 (60.8) 644 (60.5) 907 (61.0) 0.83 0.64–1.07 0.153    
 Sometimes 719 (28.2) 290 (27.3) 429 (28.8) 0.79 0.60–1.04 0.097    
 Regularly 282 (11.1) 130 (12.2) 152 (10.2) 1.00      
Smoking
 No 1932 (75.7) 812 (76.3) 1120 (75.3) 1.00      
 Yes 620 (24.3) 252 (23.7) 368 (24.7) 0.95 0.79–1.14 0.543    
Alcohol drinking
 No 1955 (76.6) 820 (71.1) 1135 (76.3) 1.00      
 Yes 597 (23.4) 244 (22.9) 353 (23.7) 0.96 0.79–1.15 0.642    
Amount of salt use for cooking
 High 1193 (46.7) 474 (44.5) 719 (48.3) 1.20      
 Moderate 1115 (43.7) 478 (44.9) 637 (42.8) 0.78 0.59–1.03 0.074    
 Low 244 (9.6) 112 (10.5) 132 (8.9) 0.88 0.67–1.17 0.387    
Amount of monosodium glutamate use for cooking
 High 1298 (50.9) 521 (49.0) 777 (52.2) 0.83 0.63–1.09 0.176    
 Moderate 1006 (39.4) 432 (40.6) 574 (38.6) 0.93 0.70–1.23 0.605    
 Low 248 (9.7) 111 (10.4) 137 (9.2) 1.00      
Amount of cooking oil used for cooking
 High 862 (33.8) 333 (31.3) 529 (35.6) 0.73 0.58–0.91 0.006* 0.78 0.62–0.99 0.037**
 Moderate 1214 (47.6) 510 (47.9) 704 (47.3) 0.84 0.68–1.03 0.099 0.94 0.75–1.18 0.579
 Low 476 (18.7) 221 (20.8) 255 (17.1) 1.00    1.00   
BMI
 Normal weight 1256 (42.2) 519 (48.8) 737 (49.5) 1.00      
 Underweight 198 (7.8) 73 (6.9) 125 (8.4) 0.83 0.61–1.13 0.236    
 Overweight 1098 (43.0) 472 (44.4) 626 (42.1) 1.07 0.91–1.26 0.414    
Waist circumference
 Normal 1290 (50.5) 500 (47.0) 790 (53.1) 1.00    1.00   
 Obesity 1262 (49.5) 564 (53.0) 698 (46.9) 1.28 1.09–1.50 0.002* 1.30 1.09–1.54 0.003**
  1. *Significance level at α = 0.05
  2. **Significance level at α = 0.05 after controlling for sex, age, religion, education, occupation, income and marital status