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Table 5 Factors associated with preparedness for self-isolation, child-isolation and elderly-isolation

From: Preparedness for self-isolation or quarantine and lockdown in South Africa: results from a rapid online survey

  Self-isolation Child-isolation Elderly-isolation
OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value
Characteristics
Sex
 Male (Ref)          
 Female 0.86 [0.77–0.97] 0.010 0.95 [0.85–1.05] 0.319 1.04 [0.93–1.15] 0.505
Race group
 Black (Ref)          
 Coloured 1.18 [1.05–1.33] 0.005 1.04 [0.93–1.16] 0.538 1.10 [0.99–1.23] 0.081
 White 1.6 [1.36–1.88] < 0.001 1.00 [0.86–1.16] 0.981 1.26 [1.09–1.46] 0.002
 Indian/Asian 1.84 [1.61–2.10] < 0.001 1.27 [1.11–1.45] 0.001 1.46 [1.28–1.67] < 0.001
Age group
 18–29 (Ref)          
 30–39 1.1 [0.96–1.27] 0.168 1.12 [0.98–1.29] 0.104 1.00 [0.87–1.14] 0.953
 40–49 1.74 [1.49–2.03] < 0.001 1.87 [1.61–2.18] < 0.001 1.41 [1.21–1.64] < 0.001
 50–59 2.89 [2.38–3.51] < 0.001 2.54 [2.12–3.05] < 0.001 2.01 [1.67–2.43] < 0.001
 60+ 3.3 [2.36–4.60] < 0.001 2.5 [1.88–3.32] < 0.001 2.7 [1.98–3.68] < 0.001
Employment
 Employed full time (Ref)          
 Employed informal/part time 0.83 [0.68–1.00] 0.055 0.77 [0.64–0.94] 0.008 0.81 [0.67–0.98] 0.034
 Student 0.99 [0.82–1.20] 0.945 0.86 [0.71–1.04] 0.122 0.91 [0.76–1.10] 0.345
 Unemployed 0.92 [0.77–1.10] 0.37 0.97 [0.82–1.14] 0.673 1.15 [0.97–1.35] 0.104
 Self employed 1.41 [1.10–1.80] 0.006 1.29 [1.05–1.59] 0.017 1.4 [1.11–1.77] 0.005
Knowledge score
 Low (Ref)          
 Moderate 0.98 [0.77–1.25[ 0.875 0.99 [0.78–1.26] 0.948 1.19 [0.93–1.52] 0.161
 High 0.99 [0.79–1.25] 0.965 0.99 [0.79–1.25] 0.937 1.14 [0.90–1.44] 0.286
Risk perception
 Low (Ref)          
 Moderate 0.83 [0.72–0.94] 0.004 0.69 [0.61–0.78] < 0.001 0.81 [0.71–0.91] 0.001
 High 0.59 [0.51–0.68] < 0.001 0.61 [0.54–0.70] < 0.001 0.62 [0.54–0.71] < 0.001
Might end up in self-isolation or quarantine
 No (Ref)          
 Yes 1.24 [1.12–1.38] < 0.001 0.99 [0.89–1.10] 0.891 1.11 [1.00–1.24] 0.042
Dwelling type
 Formal dwelling (Ref)          
 Informal dwelling 0.33 [0.24–0.45] < 0.001 0.48 [0.36–0.63] < 0.001 0.44 [0.34–0.57] < 0.001
 Constant 1.15 [0.88–1.49] 0.315 1.12 [0.86–1.47] 0.394 1.1 [0.84–1.45] 0.474
  1. CI Confidence Interval, OR Odds Ratio