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Table 5 Estimates of decomposition analysis for the contribution of various explanatory variables for children who did not receive IS among children aged 6–59 months by background characteristics in India, 2005–06 and 2015–16

From: Does socio-economic inequality exist in micro-nutrients supplementation among children aged 6–59 months in India? Evidence from National Family Health Survey 2005–06 and 2015–16

Background characteristics Categories 2005–06 2015–16
Coefficient Elasticity CI Absolute contribution to CI Percentage contribution Coefficient Elasticity CI Absolute contribution to CI Percentage contribution
Age of the child (months) 06–23 Ref.      Ref.     
24–59 0.096 0.003 −0.005 0.000 0.2 − 0.043 − 0.004 − 0.002 0.000 0.0
Sex of the child Male Ref.      Ref.     
Female 0.106 0.002 −0.009 0.000 0.2 0.015 0.001 −0.01 0.000 0.0
Mother’s education No education Ref.      Ref.     
Primary −0.379 − 0.002 − 0.02 0.000 − 0.2 − 0.073 − 0.002 −0.169 0.000 −1.3
Secondary − 0.622 −0.008 0.375 −0.003 24.5 −0.160 − 0.013 0.187 − 0.002 12.7
Higher −0.983 − 0.003 0.804 − 0.002 20.5 −0.195 − 0.003 0.642 − 0.002 10.7
Birth order 1st order Ref.      Ref.     
2–3 order 0.090 0.001 −0.076 0.000 0.6 0.038 0.002 −0.11 0.000 1.2
4–6 order 0.847 0.000 −0.239 0.000 0.0 0.364 0 −0.301 0.000 0.1
Currently breastfeeding No Ref.      Ref.     
Yes 0.135 0.004 −0.082 0.000 3.0 −0.010 − 0.002 − 0.081 0.000 − 0.8
Wealth index Poor Ref.      Ref.     
Middle −0.193 −0.001 0.155 0.000 1.3 −0.012 −0.001 0.145 0.000 0.8
Rich −0.505 −0.007 0.676 −0.005 40.7 −0.056 − 0.006 0.672 − 0.004 22.4
Caste SC/ST Ref.      Ref.     
Non SC/ST 0.173 0 −0.077 0.000 0.2 0.081 0.008 0.100 0.001 −4.3
Religion Hindu Ref.      Ref.     
Muslim 0.071 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.0 0.150 0.007 0.022 0.000 −0.8
Others −0.049 0.000 0.308 0.000 0.2 0.097 0.000 0.302 0.000 −0.7
Place of residence Urban Ref.      Ref.     
Rural 0.071 0.003 −0.168 −0.001 4.7 −0.028 − 0.012 −0.181 0.002 −10.9
EAG and non-EAG EAG and Assam Ref.      Ref.     
Non-EAG 0.676 0.032 −0.015 0.000 4.1 −0.718 − 0.061 0.222 − 0.014 70.8
Explained CI     −0.012  100.0     −0.019 100.0
Actual CI     −0.013      −0.029  
Residuals     −0.001      −0.010  
  1. EAG states include Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Rajasthan and Assam
  2. *Non-EAG states include the rest of Indian states except EAG and Assam
  3. CI concentration index, Ref Reference, EAG empowered action group, IS Iron supplement supplementation, SC/ST Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe