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Table 4 Estimates of decomposition analysis for the contribution of various explanatory variables for children who did not receive VAS among children aged 6–59 months by background characteristics in India, 2005–06 and 2015–16

From: Does socio-economic inequality exist in micro-nutrients supplementation among children aged 6–59 months in India? Evidence from National Family Health Survey 2005–06 and 2015–16

Background characteristics Categories 2005–06 2015–16
Coefficient Elasticity CI Absolute contribution to CI Percentage contribution Coefficient Elasticity CI Absolute contribution to CI Percentage contribution
Age of the child (months) 06–23 Ref.      Ref.     
24–59 0.514 0.047 −0.005 0.000 1.9 0.030 0.004 − 0.002 0.000 0.0
Sex of the child Male Ref.      Ref.     
Female −0.020 − 0.001 − 0.009 0.000 0.0 − 0.007 − 0.002 − 0.01 0.000 − 0.1
Mother’s education No education Ref.      Ref.     
Primary −0.336 − 0.005 −0.02 0.000 −0.8 − 0.118 −0.004 − 0.169 0.001 −2.6
Secondary −0.679 −0.026 0.375 −0.010 79.8 −0.303 − 0.033 0.187 − 0.006 23.6
Higher −0.709 −0.004 0.804 −0.003 28.9 −0.371 − 0.009 0.642 − 0.006 22.3
Birth order 1st order Ref.      Ref.     
2–3 order 0.332 0.011 −0.076 − 0.001 6.9 0.133 0.008 −0.110 − 0.001 3.5
4–6 order 0.292 0.000 −0.239 0.000 0.2 0.462 0 −0.301 0.000 0.2
Currently breastfeeding No Ref.      Ref.     
Yes −0.220 − 0.017 −0.082 0.001 −11.4 − 0.104 − 0.016 − 0.081 0.001 −4.9
Wealth index Poor Ref.      Ref.     
Middle − 0.075 −0.002 0.155 0.000 2.5 0.010 −0.001 0.145 0.000 0.6
Rich −0.026 −0.001 0.676 −0.001 4.8 −0.020 − 0.003 0.672 − 0.002 6.5
Caste SC/ST Ref.      Ref.     
Non SC/ST 0.164 0.001 −0.077 0.000 0.2 0.009 −0.002 0.100 0.000 0.6
Religion Hindu Ref.      Ref.     
Muslim −0.074 −0.002 0.003 0.000 0.0 0.238 0.011 0.022 0.000 −1.0
Others 0.076 0.000 0.308 0.000 −1.0 0.109 0.001 0.302 0.000 −1.5
Place of residence Urban 1.000      1.000     
Rural −0.150 −0.014 −0.168 0.002 −19.8 −0.092 − 0.016 −0.181 0.003 −10.8
EAG and non-EAG EAG and Assam 1.000      1.000     
Non-EAG 0.567 0.066 −0.015 −0.001 7.9 −0.684 − 0.074 0.222 − 0.016 63.7
Explained CI     −0.012 100.0     −0.026 100.0
Actual CI     −0.014      −0.065  
Residuals     −0.002      −0.039  
  1. EAG states include Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Rajasthan and Assam
  2. *Non-EAG states include rest of Indian states except EAG and Assam
  3. CI concentration index, Ref Reference, EAG empowered action group, VAS Vitamin A supplementation, SC/ST Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe