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Table 1 Socio-economic characteristics of children aged 6–59 months in India, 2005–06 and 2015–16

From: Does socio-economic inequality exist in micro-nutrients supplementation among children aged 6–59 months in India? Evidence from National Family Health Survey 2005–06 and 2015–16

Background characteristics Categories 2005–06 2015–16
n % n %
Vitamin A supplementation No 6379 14.5 1,30,252 57.9
Yes 37,634 85.5 94,841 42.1
Iron supplementation No 2053 4.7 58,686 26.1
Yes 41,961 95.3 1,66,406 73.9
Age of the child 6–23 months 14,422 33.2 74,132 33.4
24–59 months 28,997 66.8 1,47,726 66.6
Sex of the child Male 24,487 52.0 1,23,433 52.0
Female 22,403 47.8 1,13,544 47.9
Mother’s education No education 19,230 41.0 75,010 32.0
Primary 6777 14.5 34,790 15.0
Secondary 17,346 37.0 1,05,722 45.0
Higher 3536 7.5 21,455 9.0
Birth order 1st order 32,220 68.7 1,68,425 71.0
2–3 order 14,562 31.1 68,099 29.0
4–6 order 108 0.2 453 0.0
Currently breastfeeding No 18,018 38.4 90,797 38.0
Yes 28,872 61.6 1,46,180 62.0
Wealth index Poor 17,021 36.0 1,18,786 50.0
Middle 9697 21.0 47,265 20.0
Rich 20,172 43.0 70,926 29.9
Caste SC/ST 44,673 96.6 92,221 41.0
Non SC/ST 1594 3.5 1,34,150 59.0
Religion Hindu 32,273 69.9 1,71,115 73.0
Muslim 7818 16.9 37,412 16.0
Others 6066 13.1 25,607 10.9
Place of residence Urban 17,782 37.9 56,298 24.0
Rural 29,108 62.1 1,80,679 76.0
EAG and non-EAG States EAG and Assam 8776 18.7 1,43,219 60.4
Non-EAG 38,114 81.3 93,758 39.6
  1. *EAG states include Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orrisa, Rajasthan and Assam
  2. *Non-EAG states include rest of Indian states except EAG and Assam
  3. SC/ST Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe