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Table 1 Information on six multi-country, mixed-methods evaluations

From: Lessons learned from conducting six multi-country mixed-methods effectiveness research studies on water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions in humanitarian response

  HWT Dispensers Water Safety Plans Household Spraying Water Trucking Bucket Chlorination
Years Data Collected 2008–2010 2011–2013 2015–2017 2017–2019 2017–2019 2017–2019
Donor UNICEF
Oxfam
BMGF UNICEF R2HC OFDA OFDA/R2HC
Countries evaluated Haiti
Kenya
Indonesia
Nepal
DRC
Haiti
Sierra Leone Senegal
DRC
Fiji
India
Vanuatu
DRC
Haiti
Mozambique
CXB
DRC
CXB
DRC
Haiti
Mozambique
Nigeria
Emergency type Acute:
earthquakes, cholera, flooding
Acute:
cholera, food insecurity
a Endemic and epidemic cholera settings Long-term, recurring, refugee Recurring, long-term contexts and acute outbreak
Criteria for evaluation HWT in acute Criteria defined in initial meeting WSP with UNICEF Any implemented program
Partners (planned) Determined after arrival Set in grant, provided funding for implementation UNICEF partners Pre-selected partners, also open to all Open, any OFDA country Pre-selected and open to any OFDA countries
Ethics (Institutional) Pre-approval at
LSHTM
Pre-approval at
IPA
SBER pre-review of protocol and tools, modifications submitted to Committee by country, re-reviewed, final approval after local approval via formal SBER review process or review or (if not available/appropriate) by qualified personnel who provided letter obtained
Ethics (local) Not required
during this time
Not required
during this time
Research budget (USD) ~ 300,000 ~ 800,000 ~ 150,000+ ~ 90,000 ~ 100,000 ~ 190,000
  1. a Study was not originally specific to humanitarian contexts, however, DRC was a long-term emergency, Fiji/Vanuatu recovering from acute emergencies, and Fiji/India/Vanuatu contexts planning for future climate emergencies