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Table 4 Demographic characteristics of participants based on health literacy constructs in the Kurdistan province in Iran, 2018

From: Measuring the constructs of health literacy in the Iranian adult Kurdish population

Demographic characteristics health information access
(Mean ± SD)
health information use
(Mean ± SD)
Reading skills
(Mean ± SD)
Comprehension skills
(Mean ± SD)
Interpretation /judgment skills
(Mean ± SD)
Communication /Decision-making skills
(Mean ± SD)
Health knowledge
(Mean ± SD)
Individual empowerment
(Mean ± SD)
Social empowerment
(Mean ± SD)
Sex
 Male 9.2 ± 4.8 9.6 ± 4.6 6.9 ± 6.6 8.7 ± 6.7 9.3 ± 7.0 12.6 ± 4.5 10.9 ± 5.8 4.5 ± 5.4 9.2 ± 5.8
 Female 9.8 ± 5.3 9.8 ± 5.3 8.4 ± 6.5 10.3 ± 5.8 10.9 ± 5.9 13.0 ± 4.7 12.1 ± 5.9 5.9 ± 5.6 10.3 ± 6.0
Education
 Illiterate 7.3 ± 3.2 7.7 ± 3.8 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 0.0 ± 0.0 9.0 ± 4.8 7.2 ± 5.8 1.5 ± 3.4 5.6 ± 5.6
 Primary-junior high school 8.5 ± 4.5 8.9 ± 4.5 7.1 ± 6.2 9.3 ± 5.2 9.8 ± 5.3 12.5 ± 4.5 11.2 ± 5.6 3.6 ± 4.5 9.7 ± 5.9
 Junior-high school-diploma 10.8 ± 5.4 10.7 ± 5.2 10.6 ± 5.4 12.8 ± 4.7 13.4 ± 4.5 14.3 ± 3.9 13.3 ± 3.9 7.4 ± 5.6 11.0 ± 5.3
 University 12.4 ± 5.5 12.1 ± 5.1 11.8 ± 5.6 13.7 ± 4.2 15.1 ± 4.4 14.8 ± 3.2 13.4 ± 5.1 10.0 ± 5.4 11.0 ± 5.3
Residence
 Urban areas 9.9 ± 5.4 10.3 ± 4.8 7.8 ± 5.9 9.6 ± 5.7 10.8 ± 6.0 12.6 ± 4.2 10.6 ± 5.7 6.0 ± 5.7 9.1 ± 5.3
 Rural areas 9.3 ± 4.8 9.2 ± 4.9 7.6 ± 7.2 9.1 ± 6.9 9.4 ± 6.9 13.1 ± 4.9 12.6 ± 5.8 4.4 ± 5.1 10.5 ± 6.4
Employment
 Student 12.6 ± 5.0 11.6 ± 5.1 10.8 ± 5.5 13.3 ± 4.4 14.4 ± 4.5 13.5 ± 3.3 11.9 ± 5.5 8.6 ± 5.5 12.1 ± 4.4
 Homemaker 8.6 ± 4.4 9.1 ± 4.3 6.1 ± 6.6 8.0 ± 6.7 8.5 ± 7.0 12.4 ± 4.5 10.7 ± 5.8 3.7 ± 4.8 8.7 ± 5.7
 Retired 11.3 ± 4.9 11.7 ± 4.6 8.1 ± 5.2 11.1 ± 4.8 11.1 ± 5.1 15.1 ± 3.5 12.2 ± 5.9 7.3 ± 6.0 11.4 ± 5.5
 Unemployed 10.5 ± 5.1 10.3 ± 5.4 9.8 ± 6.6 11.9 ± 5.4 12.8 ± 4.6 13.7 ± 4.0 13.7 ± 4.7 6.3 ± 5.2 11.7 ± 6.0
 Self-employed 8.9 ± 5.1 9.2 ± 5.0 7.2 ± 6.4 8.9 ± 5.8 9.7 ± 6.1 12.0 ± 5.0 11.3 ± 6.0 4.9 ± 5.2 9.7 ± 6.1
 Part-time job 9.2 ± 5.2 9.4 ± 5.0 8.8 ± 6.3 10.3 ± 5.5 11.0 ± 5.6 13.4 ± 4.4 12.7 ± 5.5 5.9 ± 5.4 10.6 ± 5.5
 Employed 14.3 ± 5.9 13.5 ± 5.2 13.5 ± 5.7 14.8 ± 4.4 15.9 ± 4.2 16.0 ± 3.2 15.1 ± 4.6 12.2 ± 5.6 12.4 ± 5.4