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Table 1 Changes in age-standardized mortality rates in men in Sweden, 1997–2018

From: Avoidable deaths in Sweden, 1997–2018: temporal trend and the contribution to the gender gap in life expectancy

Causes (ICD-10 codes) Period APC (95% CI) AAPC (95% CI), 1997–2018
Amenable neoplasms (C54-C55, C62, C67, C73, C81, C91, D10-D36) 1997–2012 − 1.2 (− 1.8, − 0.3) − 2.7 (− 3.3, − 2.1)
2012–2018 − 6.2 (− 10.3, − 4.1)  
Hypertensive diseases (I10-I15) 1997–2018 2.5 (1.8, 3.4) 2.5 (1.8, 3.4)
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60-I69) 1997–2012 − 5.4 (− 6.1, − 5.1) − 4.7 (− 5.1, − 4.5)
2012–2018 − 3.1 (− 4.5, − 1.3)  
Pneumonia (J12-J18) 1997–2002 2.3 (0.5, 5.5) −2.4 (− 2.9, − 1.9)
2002–2006 − 17.4 (− 19.7, − 13.9)  
2006–2010 8.3 (4.4, 11.6)  
2010–2018 − 2.2 (− 4.2, − 1.2)  
Total amenable 1997–2006 − 3.8 (− 5.0, − 3.3) −3.1 (− 3.3, − 2.9)
2006–2018 − 2.6 (− 2.9, − 1.5)  
Preventable neoplasms (C00-C14, C15, C16, C22, C33-C34, C45) 1997–2004 − 1.2 (− 1.9, 0.5) − 2.0 (− 2.3, − 1.8)
2004–2018 −2.4 (− 3.3, − 2.2)  
Alcohol related and illicit drug use diseases (F10, K70, K73, K74, F11-F16, F18-F19) 1997–2018 − 3.4 (− 4.1, − 2.7) −3.4 (− 4.1, − 2.7)
Transport accidents (V01-V99) 1997–2001 3.1 (− 2.8, 9.0) − 3.2 (− 4.4, − 2.3)
2001–2014 − 6.7 (− 12.9, − 6.1)  
2014–2018 2.4 (− 4.8, 7.1)  
Accidental injury (W00-X59) 1997–2003 3.4 (1.3, 7.7) 1.1 (0.5, 1.7)
2003–2018 0.2 (− 1.4, 0.7)  
Suicide and self-inflicted injuries (X60-X84, Y10-Y34) 1997–2018 − 0.8 (− 1.2, − 0.4) − 0.8 (− 1.2, − 0.4)
Total preventable 1997–2004 − 0.6 (− 1.2, 0.5) − 1.3 (− 1.5, − 1.1)
2004–2011 − 2.6 (− 4.1, − 2.1)  
2011–2018 − 0.6 (− 1.2, 0.7)  
Amenable & preventable neoplasms (C18-C21, C43, C50, C53) 1997–2009 − 0.5 (− 0.9, 0.2) −1.2 (− 1.5, − 1.0)
2009–2018 − 2.2 (− 3.3, − 1.6)  
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (J40-J44) 1997–2003 − 1.1 (− 2.1, 1.3) − 2.2 (− 2.5, − 1.8)
2003–2010 − 4.0 (− 6.2, − 3.2)  
2010–2018 − 1.4 (− 2.3, 0.5)  
Total amenable & preventable 1997–2005 − 0.8 (− 1.3, 0.7) − 1.5 (− 1.7, − 1.2)
2005–2018 −1.9 (− 2.7, − 1.6)  
Ischaemic heart disease (I20-I25) 1997–2011 − 5.8 (− 6.0, − 5.6) −5.0 (− 5.2, − 4.9)
2011–2018 − 3.5 (− 4.2, − 2.4)  
Total avoidable 1997–2011 − 3.0 (− 3.4, − 2.8) −2.6 (− 2.7, − 2.5)
2011–2018 − 1.8 (− 2.4, − 0.8)  
Non-avoidable 1997–2018 − 1.4 (− 1.5, − 1.3) −1.4 (− 1.5, − 1.3)
  1. APC Annual Percentage Change, AAPC Average Annual Percentage Change, CI Confidence Interval